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Dietary Fiber and Gut Microbiota in Renal Diets.
Nutrients. 2019 Sep 09; 11(9)N

Abstract

Nutrition is crucial for the management of patients affected by chronic kidney disease (CKD) to slow down disease progression and to correct symptoms. The mainstay of the nutritional approach to renal patients is protein restriction coupled with adequate energy supply to prevent malnutrition. However, other aspects of renal diets, including fiber content, can be beneficial. This paper summarizes the latest literature on the role of different types of dietary fiber in CKD, with special attention to gut microbiota and the potential protective role of renal diets. Fibers have been identified based on aqueous solubility, but other features, such as viscosity, fermentability, and bulking effect in the colon should be considered. A proper amount of fiber should be recommended not only in the general population but also in CKD patients, to achieve an adequate composition and metabolism of gut microbiota and to reduce the risks connected with obesity, diabetes, and dyslipidemia.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Luigi Sacco Hospital, ASST Fatebenefratelli Sacco, 20157 Milano, Italy.Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine; University of Pisa, Pisa 56126, Italy.Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine; University of Pisa, Pisa 56126, Italy.Luigi Sacco Hospital, ASST Fatebenefratelli Sacco, 20157 Milano, Italy.Luigi Sacco Hospital, ASST Fatebenefratelli Sacco, 20157 Milano, Italy. maurizio.gallieni@unimi.it. Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences "Luigi Sacco", Università di Milano, 20157 Milano, Italy. maurizio.gallieni@unimi.it.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31505733

Citation

Camerotto, Carla, et al. "Dietary Fiber and Gut Microbiota in Renal Diets." Nutrients, vol. 11, no. 9, 2019.
Camerotto C, Cupisti A, D'Alessandro C, et al. Dietary Fiber and Gut Microbiota in Renal Diets. Nutrients. 2019;11(9).
Camerotto, C., Cupisti, A., D'Alessandro, C., Muzio, F., & Gallieni, M. (2019). Dietary Fiber and Gut Microbiota in Renal Diets. Nutrients, 11(9). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11092149
Camerotto C, et al. Dietary Fiber and Gut Microbiota in Renal Diets. Nutrients. 2019 Sep 9;11(9) PubMed PMID: 31505733.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary Fiber and Gut Microbiota in Renal Diets. AU - Camerotto,Carla, AU - Cupisti,Adamasco, AU - D'Alessandro,Claudia, AU - Muzio,Fulvio, AU - Gallieni,Maurizio, Y1 - 2019/09/09/ PY - 2019/06/20/received PY - 2019/08/23/revised PY - 2019/08/26/accepted PY - 2019/9/12/entrez PY - 2019/9/12/pubmed PY - 2020/3/4/medline KW - chronic kidney disease KW - fiber KW - gut microbiota KW - renal diets KW - renal nutrition JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 11 IS - 9 N2 - Nutrition is crucial for the management of patients affected by chronic kidney disease (CKD) to slow down disease progression and to correct symptoms. The mainstay of the nutritional approach to renal patients is protein restriction coupled with adequate energy supply to prevent malnutrition. However, other aspects of renal diets, including fiber content, can be beneficial. This paper summarizes the latest literature on the role of different types of dietary fiber in CKD, with special attention to gut microbiota and the potential protective role of renal diets. Fibers have been identified based on aqueous solubility, but other features, such as viscosity, fermentability, and bulking effect in the colon should be considered. A proper amount of fiber should be recommended not only in the general population but also in CKD patients, to achieve an adequate composition and metabolism of gut microbiota and to reduce the risks connected with obesity, diabetes, and dyslipidemia. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31505733/Dietary_Fiber_and_Gut_Microbiota_in_Renal_Diets_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu11092149 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -