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The association between muscle dysmorphia and eating disorder symptomatology: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
J Behav Addict. 2019 Sep 01; 8(3):351-371.JB

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS

Research shows inconsistent findings about the link between muscle dysmorphia (MD) and eating disorder (ED) symptomatology. The aim of this study is to synthesize the scientific evidence available on this topic, the researchers conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis.

METHODS

The literature search enabled us to identify 39 published articles, which provided 36 independent estimations of the correlation between the two variables.

RESULTS

Our analysis found a positive association between MD and ED symptoms (r+ = .36; 95% CI = 0.30, 0.41). Moderator analyses showed that the type of sample and the tools for assessing MD and ED were statistically associated with the MD-ED effect sizes. The methodological quality of the studies exhibited a positive, statistically significant association with the MD-ED effect sizes.

CONCLUSIONS

Higher levels of MD were related to greater ED symptomatology, but several study characteristics may moderate the association between the two variables. In this study, we discuss limitations and implications for clinical practice and future research.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Departamento de Methodologia and Behavioral Science, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain.Departamento de Psicología de la Salud, University of Valencia, Alicante, Spain.Departamento de Psicología Básica y Metodología, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain.Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università degli Studi di Torino, Turin, Italy.Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università degli Studi di Torino, Turin, Italy.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Meta-Analysis
Systematic Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31505966

Citation

Badenes-Ribera, Laura, et al. "The Association Between Muscle Dysmorphia and Eating Disorder Symptomatology: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis." Journal of Behavioral Addictions, vol. 8, no. 3, 2019, pp. 351-371.
Badenes-Ribera L, Rubio-Aparicio M, Sánchez-Meca J, et al. The association between muscle dysmorphia and eating disorder symptomatology: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Behav Addict. 2019;8(3):351-371.
Badenes-Ribera, L., Rubio-Aparicio, M., Sánchez-Meca, J., Fabris, M. A., & Longobardi, C. (2019). The association between muscle dysmorphia and eating disorder symptomatology: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 8(3), 351-371. https://doi.org/10.1556/2006.8.2019.44
Badenes-Ribera L, et al. The Association Between Muscle Dysmorphia and Eating Disorder Symptomatology: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. J Behav Addict. 2019 Sep 1;8(3):351-371. PubMed PMID: 31505966.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The association between muscle dysmorphia and eating disorder symptomatology: A systematic review and meta-analysis. AU - Badenes-Ribera,Laura, AU - Rubio-Aparicio,Maria, AU - Sánchez-Meca,Julio, AU - Fabris,Matteo Angelo, AU - Longobardi,Claudio, Y1 - 2019/09/11/ PY - 2019/9/12/pubmed PY - 2020/2/27/medline PY - 2019/9/12/entrez KW - Adonis complex KW - eating behaviors KW - meta-analysis KW - muscle dysmorphia KW - reverse anorexia SP - 351 EP - 371 JF - Journal of behavioral addictions JO - J Behav Addict VL - 8 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Research shows inconsistent findings about the link between muscle dysmorphia (MD) and eating disorder (ED) symptomatology. The aim of this study is to synthesize the scientific evidence available on this topic, the researchers conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: The literature search enabled us to identify 39 published articles, which provided 36 independent estimations of the correlation between the two variables. RESULTS: Our analysis found a positive association between MD and ED symptoms (r+ = .36; 95% CI = 0.30, 0.41). Moderator analyses showed that the type of sample and the tools for assessing MD and ED were statistically associated with the MD-ED effect sizes. The methodological quality of the studies exhibited a positive, statistically significant association with the MD-ED effect sizes. CONCLUSIONS: Higher levels of MD were related to greater ED symptomatology, but several study characteristics may moderate the association between the two variables. In this study, we discuss limitations and implications for clinical practice and future research. SN - 2063-5303 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31505966/The_association_between_muscle_dysmorphia_and_eating_disorder_symptomatology:_A_systematic_review_and_meta-analysis L2 - http://www.akademiai.com/doi/full/10.1556/2006.8.2019.44?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -