ICD shocks in LVAD patients are not associated with increased subsequent mortality risk.J Interv Card Electrophysiol 2019JI
Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) shocks are associated with increased mortality risk in heart failure patients. Whether ICD shocks are associated with mortality in continuous flow LVAD (CF-LVAD) patients is unknown. We studied the relationship of ICD shocks and ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) to morbidity and mortality in CF-LVAD-supported patients in our institution.
Single-center, retrospective study of prospectively collected ICD and LVAD databases. We analyzed data on VA which received ICD therapy in patients who underwent CF-LVAD implantation at Hartford Hospital between 2008 and 2018.
A total of 157 patients were studied. During a median follow-up of 10 months (interquartile range 5-20 months), 48 patients (30.6%) experienced post-LVAD sustained VA. Thirty patients (19.1%) had appropriate shocks for VA and 5 patients (3.1%) had inappropriate shocks. Shocks for any arrhythmia were not associated with an increased risk of death (OR 0.836, 95% CI 0.224-3.115, p = 0.789). Neither post-LVAD VA nor the rate of VA was associated with an increased mortality risk (OR 0.662 [0.329-1.334], p = 0.248; OR 1.001 [0.989-1.014], p = 0.817, respectively). Cox multivariate regression analysis revealed pre-LVAD VA as a significant predictor of VA post LVAD implantation (OR 3.284 [1.584-6.808], p = 0.001). Symptoms with VA occurred in 22 (45.8%) patients, ranging from palpitations to near syncope/syncope. None of the variables including the rate of VA was associated with death or symptoms.
VAs are common in CF-LVAD patients and occur with higher frequency in those with pre-LVAD VA and frequently cause symptoms. Neither VA nor ICD shocks are associated with mortality risk.