[A comparative study of arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction via transtibial and transportal techniques].Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2019 Sep 15; 33(9):1077-1082.ZX
To investigate the effectiveness of arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction via transtibial (TT) and transportal (TP) techniques after 10 years follow-up.
A clinical data of 103 patients who underwent arthroscopic ACL reconstruction with a single bundle of autologous hamstring tendon between March 2006 and March 2009 was retrospectively analyzed, among which 57 patients were reconstructed with TT technique (TT group) and 46 patients were reconstructed with TP technique (TP group). There was no significant difference in gender, age, cause of injury, interval between injury and operation, preoperative pivot shift test, preoperative International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, Lysholm score, and KT-2000 side-to-side difference (SSD) between the two groups (P>0.05). At 10 years after operation, Lachman test was used to evaluate the forward joint stability and pivot shift test to evaluate the rotational stability of the knee; KT-2000 SSD was used to measure tibial anterior displacement; IKDC score and Lysholm score were used to evaluate knee function; MRI examination was performed to observe graft healing and measure coronal inclination angles of the tibia and femoral tunnels. The rate of return to sports was also calculated.
The incisions healed by first intention in the two groups, and no early complication occurred after operation. All patients were followed up 10-13 years, with an average of 11.5 years. During the follow-up period, there was no limitation of knee extension and flexion, no discomfort of donor site or graft failure in either group. MRI examination showed that the graft healed well. The IKDC score, Lysholm score, and KT-2000 SSD in the two groups were significantly improved after 10 years (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between the two groups at 10 years after operation (P>0.05). There were significant differences in coronal inclination angles of femoral tunnel and tibial tunnel between the two groups (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in Lachman test and pivot shift test between the two groups (P>0.05). The rate of return to sports of patients was 61.40% (35/57) in TT group and 63.04% (29/46) in TP group, showing no significant difference between the two groups (χ 2=0.29, P=0.87).
TT and TP techniques can both achieve good effectiveness in ACL reconstruction.