Protective Effects of TRPV1 Activation Against Cardiac Ischemia/ Reperfusion Injury is Blunted by Diet-Induced Obesity.Cardiovasc Hematol Disord Drug Targets. 2020; 20(2):122-130.CH
Activation of Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid Subtype 1 (TRPV1) channels protects the heart from Ischemia/Reperfusion (I/R) injury through releasing Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide (CGRP) and Substance P (SP). The current study aimed to study the cardioprotective effects of TRPV1 in obesity.
TRPV1 gene knockout (TRPV1-/-) and Wild-Type (WT) mice were Fed a High-Fat Diet (HFD) or a control diet or for 20 weeks, and then the hearts were collected for I/R injury ex vivo. The hearts were mounted on a Langendorff apparatus and subjected to ischemia (30 min) and reperfusion (40 min) after incubated with capsaicin (10 nmol/L), CGRP (0.1 μmol/L) and SP (0.1 μmol/L). Then, Coronary Flow (CF), left ventricular peak positive dP/dt (+dP/dt), Left Ventricular Developed Pressure (LVDP) and Left Ventricular End-Diastolic Pressure (LVEDP) were measured.
HFD intake remarkably reduced CF, +dP/dt and LVDP and elevated LVEDP in both strains (P<0.05). Treatment with capsaicin decreased infarct size, increased CF, +dP/dt and LVDP, and decreased LVEDP in WT mice on control diet (P<0.05), but did not do so in other three groups. Treatment with CGRP and SP decreased infarct size in both strains fed with control diet (P<0.05). In contrast, not all the parameters of cardiac postischemic recovery in HFD-fed WT and TRPV1-/- mice were improved by CGRP and SP.
These results suggest that HFD intake impairs cardiac postischemic recovery. HFDinduced impairment of recovery is alleviated by CGRP in both strains and by SP only in TRPV1-/- mice, indicating that the effects of CGRP and SP are differentially regulated during HFD intake.