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Psychometric properties of a Haitian Kreyòl version of the trauma symptom checklist.
J Affect Disord. 2020 01 01; 260:238-244.JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

In this study, the first to examine psychometrics of a Haitian Kreyòl version of the Trauma Symptom Checklist-40 (TSC-40), we investigated trauma symptoms in survivors of Haiti's 2010 earthquake who reside in Haiti's Cité Soleil slum, a violent neighborhood where non-partner sexual violence (NPSV) is rampant and whose residents are historically underrepresented in research.

METHODS

233 women and 280 men 18 years or older completed the TSC-40. Differential Item Function (DIF) analysis was performed on the TSC-40 responses for women and men. We examined symptom counts by gender, between NPSV victims and non-victims, and by interaction between gender and NPSV experience.

RESULTS

We identified a reduced pool of 17-items that exhibited no gender bias. This 17-item index showed acceptable internal consistency reliability (α = 0.87). Employing this index, average symptom counts for women (x¯ = 11.3) did not differ from men (x¯= 11.1). Average symptom counts for NPSV victims was greater (x¯ = 12.5) than for non-victims (x¯= 10.7). The gender by experience of NPSV interaction indicated that women victims had the highest symptom counts (x¯=14.0).

LIMITATIONS

We used non-probability sampling, and data were from self-reports collected in a cross-sectional survey.

CONCLUSIONS

Observed differences in trauma burden are likely to be misleading if instruments are administered without regard to DIF. We contribute a Haitian Kreyòl Trauma Symptom 17-item index, which offers clinicians/practitioners in Haiti the opportunity to use a valid and reliable measure of enduring trauma symptoms validated in Haiti.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, United States. Electronic address: manishaj@usf.edu.University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, United States.Florida International University, Miami, United States.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31513967

Citation

Joshi, Manisha, et al. "Psychometric Properties of a Haitian Kreyòl Version of the Trauma Symptom Checklist." Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 260, 2020, pp. 238-244.
Joshi M, Rahill GJ, Rice C. Psychometric properties of a Haitian Kreyòl version of the trauma symptom checklist. J Affect Disord. 2020;260:238-244.
Joshi, M., Rahill, G. J., & Rice, C. (2020). Psychometric properties of a Haitian Kreyòl version of the trauma symptom checklist. Journal of Affective Disorders, 260, 238-244. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.09.004
Joshi M, Rahill GJ, Rice C. Psychometric Properties of a Haitian Kreyòl Version of the Trauma Symptom Checklist. J Affect Disord. 2020 01 1;260:238-244. PubMed PMID: 31513967.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Psychometric properties of a Haitian Kreyòl version of the trauma symptom checklist. AU - Joshi,Manisha, AU - Rahill,Guitele J, AU - Rice,Christopher, Y1 - 2019/09/02/ PY - 2019/01/01/received PY - 2019/07/08/revised PY - 2019/09/01/accepted PY - 2019/9/13/pubmed PY - 2019/9/13/medline PY - 2019/9/13/entrez KW - Differential item function (DIF) KW - Haiti KW - NPSV KW - Non-partner sexual violence KW - Psychometrics KW - Trauma symptom checklist (TSC-40) SP - 238 EP - 244 JF - Journal of affective disorders JO - J Affect Disord VL - 260 N2 - BACKGROUND: In this study, the first to examine psychometrics of a Haitian Kreyòl version of the Trauma Symptom Checklist-40 (TSC-40), we investigated trauma symptoms in survivors of Haiti's 2010 earthquake who reside in Haiti's Cité Soleil slum, a violent neighborhood where non-partner sexual violence (NPSV) is rampant and whose residents are historically underrepresented in research. METHODS: 233 women and 280 men 18 years or older completed the TSC-40. Differential Item Function (DIF) analysis was performed on the TSC-40 responses for women and men. We examined symptom counts by gender, between NPSV victims and non-victims, and by interaction between gender and NPSV experience. RESULTS: We identified a reduced pool of 17-items that exhibited no gender bias. This 17-item index showed acceptable internal consistency reliability (α = 0.87). Employing this index, average symptom counts for women (x¯ = 11.3) did not differ from men (x¯= 11.1). Average symptom counts for NPSV victims was greater (x¯ = 12.5) than for non-victims (x¯= 10.7). The gender by experience of NPSV interaction indicated that women victims had the highest symptom counts (x¯=14.0). LIMITATIONS: We used non-probability sampling, and data were from self-reports collected in a cross-sectional survey. CONCLUSIONS: Observed differences in trauma burden are likely to be misleading if instruments are administered without regard to DIF. We contribute a Haitian Kreyòl Trauma Symptom 17-item index, which offers clinicians/practitioners in Haiti the opportunity to use a valid and reliable measure of enduring trauma symptoms validated in Haiti. SN - 1573-2517 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31513967/Psychometric_properties_of_a_Haitian_Kreyòl_version_of_the_trauma_symptom_checklist_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0165-0327(19)30003-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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