Thyroid Hormone Diminishes Ca2+ Overload Induced by Hypoxia/Reoxygenation in Cardiomyocytes by Inhibiting Late Sodium Current and Reverse-Na+/Ca2+ Exchange Current.Pharmacology 2019; :1-10P
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE
Intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) overload occurs in myocardial ischemia and -reperfusion. The augmentation of the late sodium current (INaL) causes intracellular Na+ accumulation and subsequent [Ca2+]i overload via the reverse mode of the Na+/Ca2+ exchange current (reverse-INCX), which can lead to arrhythmia and cardiac dysfunction. Thus, inhibition of INaL is a potential therapeutic approach for ischemic heart disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of thyroid hormone on augmented INaL, reverse-INCX, altered action potential duration (APD), and [Ca2+]i concentration in hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced ventricular myocytes in vitro.
The transient Na+ current (INaT), INaL, reverse-INCX, and APs were recorded using a whole-cell patch-clamp technique in neonatal mouse ventricular myocytes. [Ca2+]i concentration alteration were, respectively, observed by confocal microscopy and flow cytometry.
Triiodothyronine (T3) pretreatment decreased the INaL in a concentration-dependent manner. H/R injury aggravated the INaL, INaT, and reverse-INCX in cardiomyocytes and increased the continuous accumulation of [Ca2+]i (p < 0.05). The application of T3 prior to H/R injury significantly decreased the increased INaL, INaT, and reverse-INCX and blunted the [Ca2+]i increase. Furthermore, T3 pretreatment shortened the APD induced by H/R injury.
T3 inhibited H/R-increased INaL and reverse INCX augmentation, shortened the APD, and diminished [Ca2+]i overload, indicating a potential therapeutic use of T3 as an INaL inhibitor to maintain Ca2+ homeostasis and protect cardiomyocytes against H/R injury.