Evaluation of Ameliorative Potential of Vitamins E and C on DNA Double Strand Break (DSB) in Patients Undergoing Computed Tomography (CT): A Clinical Study.Int J Mol Cell Med 2018; 7(4):226-233IJ
Computed tomography (CT) is one of the most important diagnostic X-ray procedures which plays an important role in increasing the patient dose values. The purpose of this clinical study was to evaluate the efficacy of vitamins E and C in lowering down the level of DNA double strand break (DSB) caused by CT scan. Sixty patients for abdomen/pelvic enhanced CT scan were randomly assigned to placebo (control), vitamin C, and vitamin E groups. The patient blood samples were taken before and immediately after the CT scan. Counting the number of DSB was performed using γ-H2AX method as a sensitive biomarker. Immediately after the CT scan, the mean number of DSBs/cell increased in all three groups of control (131%, P<0.001), vitamin C (103%, P <0.001), and vitamin E (66%, P<0.001) compared to their mean before the CT scan. Furthermore, the results showed that vitamin E decreased the mean number of DSBs/cell by 22% in comparison with the control group (P =0.023), whereas vitamin C had no significant effect on reducing the DSB (<3%, P =0.741). It is concluded that the administration of vitamin E one hour before the CT scan, significantly decreases DSB levels.