Development of muco-adhesive orally disintegrating tablets containing tamarind gum-coated tea powders for oral care.Int J Pharm X. 2019 Dec; 1:100012.IJ
The aim of this study was to design and evaluate muco-adhesive orally disintegrating tablets manufactured by microwave irradiation and containing polysaccharide. We prepared orally disintegrating tea tablets (ODTTs) containing a 1 w/w% mass fraction of one of five polysaccharides (gum arabic, carrageenan, guar gum, tamarind gum, or pectin) and evaluated the swelling degree, tablet hardness, friability, disintegration time, and adhesive properties. All tablets had a swelling degree of about 1 mm, a hardness of over 13 N, and a friability degree of <1%. Tablets containing gum arabic and tamarind gum had disintegration times of 30 s or less and satisfied requirements as orally disintegrating tablets. This could be attributed to their high void contents, which allowed for water penetration. The adhesive properties and particle retention ratios were highest in ODTTs containing tamarind gum, which was thought to be caused by the rapid disintegration and high viscosity of the tamarind gum itself. When we investigated changing the mass fraction of tamarind gum, we found 1 w/w% was most suitable for rapid disintegration and high adhesiveness. The ODTTs containing 1 w/w% tamarind gum showed significant growth inhibition towards Streptococcus mutans. Therefore, microwave irradiation technology and addition of tamarind gum could be used to manufacture muco-adhesive orally disintegrating tablets for oral care.