Development of nanotubes coated with platinum nanodendrites using a virus as a template.Nanotechnology 2019; 31(1):015502N
We developed a facile method to fabricate platinum (Pt) porous nanotubes coated with interconnected Pt dendrites using the tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) as a template. The surface-exposed arginine residues of the TMV induced the selective deposition of Pt seeds on the TMV outside surface, and poly(sodium-p-styrenesulfonate) (PSS) was chosen to stabilize the dispersity of TMV coated with Pt seeds (TMV/SPt). The limited space between the Pt seeds and their uniform distribution on the TMV exterior confined the growth of Pt dendrites, resulting in continuous dendritic platinum nanotubes (TMV/DPtNT). The synergistic effects of porous dendrites and anisotropic structures of the TMV/DPtNTs provided an increase in the active sites, the enhancement of transport efficiency and long-distance electron transfer, which greatly improved the catalytic activity. We also demonstrated that such nanotubes could be used in the detection of H2O2 with good sensitivity.