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Does the usual dietary intake of schizophrenia patients require supplementation with vitamins and minerals?
Psychiatr Pol 2019; 53(3):599-612PP

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

The aim of the study was to assess the supply of selected vitamins and minerals in the daily food rations of patients diagnosed with schizophrenia.

METHODS

62 schizophrenia patients (32 women and 30 men aged 21-64, the mean age of women was 41.3 ± 11.2, the mean age of men was 36.1 ± 9.7) took part in the study. A 24-hour diet recall from 3 weekdays and 1 weekend day was used for quantitative assessment of the diet.

RESULTS

In the conducted research, it was shown that, despite ensuring the average supply of energy required for a given age and sex group, the food rations of patients of both sexes were characterized by a deficiency of vitamin D, folates, potassium, calcium, and also vitamins E and C, magnesium in men as well as iron and iodine in women. Excessive amounts of vitamins B2, B6, sodium, and phosphorus were found in food rations of persons of both sexes and vitamins A, B1, niacin in food rations of women and also vitamin B12 in food rations of men.

CONCLUSIONS

No supplementation of schizophrenia patients' diet is recommended; it is only justified in individual cases of patients in whom vitamin and mineral deficiencies were found on the basis of analysis of their food habits. However, it is necessary to provide each schizophrenia patient with appropriate food education that will allow them to choose products that contain all nutrients needed for proper functioning of the body, including the central nervous system.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Uniwersytet Medyczny w Białymstoku, Zakład Dietetyki i Żywienia Klinicznego.Uniwersytet Medyczny w Białymstoku, Zakład Dietetyki i Żywienia Klinicznego.Uniwersytet Medyczny w Białymstoku, Zakład Dietetyki i Żywienia Klinicznego.Uniwersytet Medyczny w Białymstoku, Klinika Psychiatrii.Uniwersytet Medyczny w Białymstoku, Zakład Dietetyki i Żywienia Klinicznego.Uniwersytet Medyczny w Białymstoku, Klinika Psychiatrii.Uniwersytet Medyczny w Białymstoku, Zakład Dietetyki i Żywienia Klinicznego.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng pol

PubMed ID

31522200

Citation

Stefańska, Ewa, et al. "Does the Usual Dietary Intake of Schizophrenia Patients Require Supplementation With Vitamins and Minerals?" Psychiatria Polska, vol. 53, no. 3, 2019, pp. 599-612.
Stefańska E, Wendołowicz A, Lech M, et al. Does the usual dietary intake of schizophrenia patients require supplementation with vitamins and minerals? Psychiatr Pol. 2019;53(3):599-612.
Stefańska, E., Wendołowicz, A., Lech, M., Konarzewska, B., Zapolska, J., Waszkiewicz, N., & Ostrowska, L. (2019). Does the usual dietary intake of schizophrenia patients require supplementation with vitamins and minerals? Psychiatria Polska, 53(3), pp. 599-612. doi:10.12740/PP/92280.
Stefańska E, et al. Does the Usual Dietary Intake of Schizophrenia Patients Require Supplementation With Vitamins and Minerals. Psychiatr Pol. 2019 Jun 30;53(3):599-612. PubMed PMID: 31522200.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Does the usual dietary intake of schizophrenia patients require supplementation with vitamins and minerals? AU - Stefańska,Ewa, AU - Wendołowicz,Agnieszka, AU - Lech,Magdalena, AU - Konarzewska,Beata, AU - Zapolska,Joanna, AU - Waszkiewicz,Napoleon, AU - Ostrowska,Lucyna, Y1 - 2019/06/30/ PY - 2019/9/16/entrez PY - 2019/9/16/pubmed PY - 2019/9/16/medline KW - minerals KW - schizophrenia KW - vitamins SP - 599 EP - 612 JF - Psychiatria polska JO - Psychiatr. Pol. VL - 53 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the supply of selected vitamins and minerals in the daily food rations of patients diagnosed with schizophrenia. METHODS: 62 schizophrenia patients (32 women and 30 men aged 21-64, the mean age of women was 41.3 ± 11.2, the mean age of men was 36.1 ± 9.7) took part in the study. A 24-hour diet recall from 3 weekdays and 1 weekend day was used for quantitative assessment of the diet. RESULTS: In the conducted research, it was shown that, despite ensuring the average supply of energy required for a given age and sex group, the food rations of patients of both sexes were characterized by a deficiency of vitamin D, folates, potassium, calcium, and also vitamins E and C, magnesium in men as well as iron and iodine in women. Excessive amounts of vitamins B2, B6, sodium, and phosphorus were found in food rations of persons of both sexes and vitamins A, B1, niacin in food rations of women and also vitamin B12 in food rations of men. CONCLUSIONS: No supplementation of schizophrenia patients' diet is recommended; it is only justified in individual cases of patients in whom vitamin and mineral deficiencies were found on the basis of analysis of their food habits. However, it is necessary to provide each schizophrenia patient with appropriate food education that will allow them to choose products that contain all nutrients needed for proper functioning of the body, including the central nervous system. SN - 2391-5854 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31522200/Does_the_usual_dietary_intake_of_schizophrenia_patients_require_supplementation_with_vitamins_and_minerals L2 - https://doi.org/10.12740/PP/92280 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -