PD-L1 and CD47 co-expression in pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinoma: a predictor of poor prognosis and potential targets of future combined immunotherapy.J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 2019JC
Combined immunotherapy with anti-programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) and an inhibitor of cluster of differentiation 47 (CD47) have exhibited preliminary anti-tumor effect. Our study attempted to describe the PD-L1/CD47 expression status in pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinoma (PSC), and explore its survival impact and relevance with cytotoxic T lymphocytes and macrophages infiltration.
148 patients with PSC who underwent surgeries were retrospectively reviewed. Tissue microarrays were conducted for immunohistochemistry (IHC) of PD-L1, CD47, CD8 and CD68.
54 (36.5%) and 78 (52.7%) cases were positive for PD-L1 and CD47, respectively, and 36 (24.3%) of them demonstrated PD-L1/CD47 co-expression. There was a significant correlation between PD-L1 and CD47 expression (P = 0.011). The median overall survival (OS) was 22.5 months (range 0.9-102.4 months). The univariate analysis demonstrated a significantly worse OS in cases with CD47 expression (hazard ratio [HR], 1.66; 95% CI, 1.14-2.42, P = 0.008) and PD-L1/CD47 co-expression (HR, 1.75; 95% CI, 1.15-2.67, P = 0.009). The multivariate analysis demonstrated PD-L1/CD47 co-expression (HR, 1.83; 95% CI, 1.17-2.87, P = 0.008), T stage, M stage, completeness of resection and adjuvant therapy were independent prognostic factors for OS. There was a significant relevance between PD-L1 expression and PD-L1/CD47 co-expression with higher densities of CD8-positive T lymphocytes (P = 0.004, 0.012, respectively) and CD68-positive macrophages (P = 0.026, 0.034, respectively).
We demonstrated the PD-L1/CD47 co-expression status in PSC. PD-L1 expression correlated with CD47 expression, and PD-L1/CD47 co-expression correlated with poorer prognosis and may serve as a predictive biomarker for combined dual-targeting immunotherapy in PSC patients.