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The impact of globalization on ecological footprint: empirical evidence from the South Asian countries.

Abstract

This study aims to investigate the effect of economic globalization and technological changes on the environmental degradation of the South Asian countries over the time span of 1975-2017. Westerlund (Oxf Bull Econ Stat 69:709-748, 2007) cointegration test is employed to estimate the presence of long-run relationship between globalization, technological changes, and environmental degradation. To determine the validity of the Environmental Kuznets Curve, this study employs panel autoregressive distributional lag (ARDL) model. Empirical findings of this study yield the inverted U-shaped association between globalization, technological changes, and environmental degradation which validate that EKC holds in the South Asian countries. The results indicate that the measures of globalization such as FDI, trade openness, and KOF index have positive and statistically significant effect on ecological footprint. However, technological changes measured as patents registered by residents have an insignificant impact on environmental quality. This study infers that the globalization has increased environmental degradation through unsustainable economic development in South Asian countries. These countries should shift to renewable energy resources to protect the environment and mitigate greenhouse gas emissions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Kashmir Institute of Economics, University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Muzaffarabad, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. samina.sabir78@gmail.com.Faculty of Political Sciences, Department of Economics, Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Esenboga Campus, Cubuk, Ankara, Turkey.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31522394

Citation

Sabir, Samina, and Muhammed Sehid Gorus. "The Impact of Globalization On Ecological Footprint: Empirical Evidence From the South Asian Countries." Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, 2019.
Sabir S, Gorus MS. The impact of globalization on ecological footprint: empirical evidence from the South Asian countries. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2019.
Sabir, S., & Gorus, M. S. (2019). The impact of globalization on ecological footprint: empirical evidence from the South Asian countries. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, doi:10.1007/s11356-019-06458-3.
Sabir S, Gorus MS. The Impact of Globalization On Ecological Footprint: Empirical Evidence From the South Asian Countries. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2019 Sep 14; PubMed PMID: 31522394.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The impact of globalization on ecological footprint: empirical evidence from the South Asian countries. AU - Sabir,Samina, AU - Gorus,Muhammed Sehid, Y1 - 2019/09/14/ PY - 2019/06/04/received PY - 2019/09/06/accepted PY - 2019/9/16/entrez PY - 2019/9/16/pubmed PY - 2019/9/16/medline KW - Ecological footprints KW - Environmental degradation KW - Globalization KW - Technology JF - Environmental science and pollution research international JO - Environ Sci Pollut Res Int N2 - This study aims to investigate the effect of economic globalization and technological changes on the environmental degradation of the South Asian countries over the time span of 1975-2017. Westerlund (Oxf Bull Econ Stat 69:709-748, 2007) cointegration test is employed to estimate the presence of long-run relationship between globalization, technological changes, and environmental degradation. To determine the validity of the Environmental Kuznets Curve, this study employs panel autoregressive distributional lag (ARDL) model. Empirical findings of this study yield the inverted U-shaped association between globalization, technological changes, and environmental degradation which validate that EKC holds in the South Asian countries. The results indicate that the measures of globalization such as FDI, trade openness, and KOF index have positive and statistically significant effect on ecological footprint. However, technological changes measured as patents registered by residents have an insignificant impact on environmental quality. This study infers that the globalization has increased environmental degradation through unsustainable economic development in South Asian countries. These countries should shift to renewable energy resources to protect the environment and mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. SN - 1614-7499 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31522394/The_impact_of_globalization_on_ecological_footprint:_empirical_evidence_from_the_South_Asian_countries L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-06458-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -