Undernutrition at PICU Admission Is Predictor of 60-Day Mortality and PICU Length of Stay in Critically Ill Children.J Acad Nutr Diet. 2020 02; 120(2):219-229.JA
There are few studies that assess the role of different nutritional assessment variables at pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission in predicting clinical outcomes.
To identify nutritional variables in the first 4 days of PICU stay that predict 60-day mortality and time to discharge alive from the PICU.
Single-center prospective study in Southern Brazil, conducted between July 2013 and February 2016. At PICU admission, children with z scores <-2 for body mass index (BMI)-for-age, mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC)-for-age, and triceps skinfold thickness (TSF)-for-age were considered as undernourished.
There were 199 patients, aged <15 years, with PICU stay >48 hours.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES
Sixty-day mortality and time to discharge alive from the PICU.
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS PERFORMED
Cox regression model was applied to determine predictors of 60-day mortality and time to discharge alive from the PICU.
Median age was 23.1 months (interquartile range=3.9 to 89.1), and 63% were male, with 18% prevalence of undernutrition at admission by BMI-for-age. Median PICU stay was 7 days (interquartile range=4 to 12), and 60-day mortality was 12%. After adjusting for sex, age, Pediatric Index of Mortality 2, and presence of complex chronic conditions, undernutrition based on BMI-for-age (hazard ratio [HR]=3.75; 95% CI=1.41 to 9.95; P=0.008), MUAC-for-age (HR=7.62; 95% CI=2.42 to 23.97; P=0.001), and TSF-for-age (HR=4.01; 95% CI=1.14 to 14.15; P=0.031) was associated with higher risk of 60-day mortality. Based on MUAC-for-age with the same adjustment model, undernourished children had longer time to discharge alive from the PICU (HR=0.45; 95% CI=0.21 to 0.98; P=0.045).
Undernutrition at PICU admission based on different anthropometric variables was predictive of 60-day mortality and longer time to discharge alive from the PICU.