An Unusual Cause of Recurrent Urinary Retention in an Adolescent Female.Cureus. 2019 Jul 15; 11(7):e5136.C
Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome (HWWS) is a rare, combined Mullerian and Mesonephric duct anomaly characterized by the triad of uterus didelphys, obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal agenesis. We present the case of an otherwise healthy 16-year-old female with acute urinary retention secondary to HWWS. The diagnosis was established with abdominal ultrasound and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). The patient subsequently underwent surgical resection of the vaginal septum resulting in relief of obstruction. Clinical symptoms in patients with HWWS typically present after menarche with progressive hematometra causing pain and compression of localized structures. Even though ultrasound can help in the diagnosis, MRI is the best choice of imaging for the visualization of these anomalies. The diagnosis of HWWS is important to consider in young females of reproductive age presenting with symptoms of obstruction of adjacent structures. Our patient presented with acute urinary retention which is a rare symptom in this entity. A high index of clinical suspicion and awareness of the syndrome are required to make a speedy diagnosis and prevent future complications.