A case of leptomeningeal metastases of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive breast cancer that responded well to lapatinib plus capecitabine.Surg Neurol Int 2019; 10:131SN
Leptomeningeal metastases (LM) pose the most difficult form of cancer metastasis to treat and portend a poor prognosis. Standard treatment has yet to be established, and intrathecal chemotherapy and whole- brain radiotherapy are administered on an empirical basis.
We report on a 46-year-old woman with LM from human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer. She was suffering from intractable headaches, severe nausea and vomiting, and cerebellar ataxia. Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed diffuse enhancement of the meninges, mainly in the posterior cranial fossa, and compression of the cerebellum by the profoundly thickened meninges. The first step in the treatment was decompression of the posterior cranial fossa to relieve intracranial hypertension. After surgery, her symptoms immediately improved. The second step was treatment with lapatinib at 1250 mg and capecitabine 1200 mg, which dramatically improved her symptoms and disappeared diffuse abnormal signal enhancement on MRI.
We treated a patient with LM from primary HER2-positive breast cancer who responded well to lapatinib plus capecitabine.