Highly Sensitive in Vitro Diagnostic System of Pandemic Influenza A (H1N1) Virus Infection with Specific MicroRNA as a Biomarker.ACS Omega 2019; 4(11):14560-14568AO
Several microRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to be closely related to influenza A virus infection, replication, and immune response. Therefore, the development of the infectious-disease detection system using miRNAs as biomarkers is actively underway. Herein, we identified two miRNAs (miR-181c-5p and miR-1254) as biomarkers for detection of pandemic influenza A H1N1 virus infection and proposed the catalytic hairpin assembly-based in vitro diagnostic (CIVD) system for a highly sensitive diagnosis; this system is composed of two sets of cascade hairpin probes enabling to detect miR-181c-5p and miR-1254. We demonstrated that CIVD kits could not only detect subnanomolar levels of target miRNAs but also distinguish even single-base mismatches. Moreover, this CIVD kit has shown excellent detection performance in real intracellular RNA samples and confirmed results similar to those of conventional methods (microarray and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction).