Effects on walking of simultaneous upper/lower limb abobotulinumtoxina injections in patients with stroke or brain injury with spastic hemiparesis.J Rehabil Med 2019JR
To compare walking speed in patients with spastic hemiparesis who received abobotulinumtoxinA either in the lower limb or simultaneously in both the lower and upper limbs.
Post hoc analysis from a phase 3 study of abobotulinumtoxinA (Dysport®, NCT01251367).
Adult patients with spastic hemiparesis causing gait dysfunction.
Comfortable barefoot walking speed over 10 m was evaluated in patients receiving lower limb vs lower and upper limb injections over ≤4 treatment cycles; 1,000 U or 1,500 U in lower limb for cycle 1/2; optional upper limb injections from cycle 3 (500 U: upper limb, 1,000 U: lower limb).
Mean (standard deviation; SD) lower limb cycle 3/4 doses were lower in the lower plus upper limb group vs lower limb only (1,000 U (SD 50), 1,000 U (SD 50) vs 1,380 U (SD 210), 1,360 U (SD 220). Baseline comfortable barefoot walking speed was similar between groups. Changes at cycle 3 week 4, in m/s, were: lower and upper limb: +0.063 (SD 0.131); lower limb only: +0.078 (SD 0.114), and cycle 4 week 4: lower and upper limb: +0.086 (SD 0.166); lower limb only: +0.086 (SD 0.123).
Simultaneous lower and upper limb abobotulinumtoxinA treatment does not hamper improvement in walking speed compared with lower limb treatment alone. Thus, physicians may split the 1,500 U abobotulinumtoxinA dose as needed to best treat patients with spastic paresis.