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Traits of orthorexia nervosa and muscle dysmorphia in Italian university students: a multicentre study.
Eat Weight Disord. 2019 Sep 17 [Online ahead of print]EW

Abstract

PURPOSE

This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of traits of orthorexia nervosa (ON) and muscle dysmorphia (MD) in a group of undergraduates, investigate the associations between the risk of these conditions and the type of university course attended, the individual characteristics (gender, BMI, amount of physical activity, supplements and medicines use, dieting) and the risk of eating disorders (EDs).

METHODS

A self-reported questionnaire consisting of a socio-demographic section and three tests validated for the evaluation of a risk of ON (ORTO-15), MD (MDDI-ITA) and EDs (EAT-26) was completed by 918 students from three Italian universities.

RESULTS

29.0% of participants demonstrated traits of ON and 5.0% of MD, without differences in prevalence in the three areas of study investigated (health-scientific, economic-humanistic, sport sciences); students of sport sciences exhibited a significantly higher score for MDDI-ITA (F = 6.493, p = 0.002). Participants with ON and MD traits were more on a diet (OR = 0.47, p ≤ 0.001 and OR = 0.428, p = 0.020, respectively) and showed a higher prevalence of EDs risk (OR = 3.55, p < 0.001 and OR = 10.23, p ≤ 0.001, respectively). The simultaneous presence of ON, MD, and EDs traits was seen in 5.4% of the students and the three test scores were correlated.

CONCLUSIONS

The prevalence of ON and MD traits was found similar to that reported in the literature on undergraduates. Some associations observed improvement in the knowledge about these conditions, especially the association of participants with ON and MD traits with dieting and EDs traits and the correlation of the three test scores suggests a connection among these potential conditions.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE

Level V, descriptive cross-sectional survey.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health and Pediatrics, University of Turin, Via Santena 5bis, 10126, Turin, Italy. ilaria.gorrasi@unito.it.Department of Public Health and Pediatrics, University of Turin, Via Santena 5bis, 10126, Turin, Italy.Department of Public Health and Pediatrics, University of Turin, Via Santena 5bis, 10126, Turin, Italy.Department of Neurosciences "Rita Levi Montalcini", University of Turin, Via Cherasco 11, 10126, Turin, Italy.Department of Medical Sciences, University of Turin, Corso Dogliotti 14, 10126, Turin, Italy.Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, University of Pavia, Via Forlanini 2, 27100, Pavia, Italy.Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, University of Pavia, Via Forlanini 2, 27100, Pavia, Italy.Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, University of Pavia, Via Forlanini 2, 27100, Pavia, Italy.Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, University of Pavia, Via Forlanini 2, 27100, Pavia, Italy.Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, University of Pavia, Via Forlanini 2, 27100, Pavia, Italy.Department of Movement and Wellbeing Sciences, University of Naples "Parthenope", Via Medina, 40, 80133, Naples, Italy.Department of Sciences and Technologies, University of Naples "Parthenope", Business District, Block C4, 80143, Naples, Italy.Department of Movement and Wellbeing Sciences, University of Naples "Parthenope", Via Medina, 40, 80133, Naples, Italy.Department of Movement and Wellbeing Sciences, University of Naples "Parthenope", Via Medina, 40, 80133, Naples, Italy.Department of Public Health and Pediatrics, University of Turin, Via Santena 5bis, 10126, Turin, Italy.Department of Public Health and Pediatrics, University of Turin, Via Santena 5bis, 10126, Turin, Italy.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31529388

Citation

Gorrasi, Ilaria Silvia Rossella, et al. "Traits of Orthorexia Nervosa and Muscle Dysmorphia in Italian University Students: a Multicentre Study." Eating and Weight Disorders : EWD, 2019.
Gorrasi ISR, Bonetta S, Roppolo M, et al. Traits of orthorexia nervosa and muscle dysmorphia in Italian university students: a multicentre study. Eat Weight Disord. 2019.
Gorrasi, I. S. R., Bonetta, S., Roppolo, M., Abbate Daga, G., Bo, S., Tagliabue, A., Ferraris, C., Guglielmetti, M., Arpesella, M., Gaeta, M., Gallé, F., Di Onofrio, V., Liguori, F., Liguori, G., Gilli, G., & Carraro, E. (2019). Traits of orthorexia nervosa and muscle dysmorphia in Italian university students: a multicentre study. Eating and Weight Disorders : EWD. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40519-019-00779-5
Gorrasi ISR, et al. Traits of Orthorexia Nervosa and Muscle Dysmorphia in Italian University Students: a Multicentre Study. Eat Weight Disord. 2019 Sep 17; PubMed PMID: 31529388.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Traits of orthorexia nervosa and muscle dysmorphia in Italian university students: a multicentre study. AU - Gorrasi,Ilaria Silvia Rossella, AU - Bonetta,Silvia, AU - Roppolo,Mattia, AU - Abbate Daga,Giovanni, AU - Bo,Simona, AU - Tagliabue,Anna, AU - Ferraris,Cinzia, AU - Guglielmetti,Monica, AU - Arpesella,Marisa, AU - Gaeta,Maddalena, AU - Gallé,Francesca, AU - Di Onofrio,Valeria, AU - Liguori,Fabrizio, AU - Liguori,Giorgio, AU - Gilli,Giorgio, AU - Carraro,Elisabetta, Y1 - 2019/09/17/ PY - 2019/01/28/received PY - 2019/09/06/accepted PY - 2019/9/19/entrez PY - 2019/9/19/pubmed PY - 2019/9/19/medline KW - BMI KW - Eating disorders KW - Muscle dysmorphia KW - Orthorexia nervosa KW - Physical activity KW - Undergraduates JF - Eating and weight disorders : EWD JO - Eat Weight Disord N2 - PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of traits of orthorexia nervosa (ON) and muscle dysmorphia (MD) in a group of undergraduates, investigate the associations between the risk of these conditions and the type of university course attended, the individual characteristics (gender, BMI, amount of physical activity, supplements and medicines use, dieting) and the risk of eating disorders (EDs). METHODS: A self-reported questionnaire consisting of a socio-demographic section and three tests validated for the evaluation of a risk of ON (ORTO-15), MD (MDDI-ITA) and EDs (EAT-26) was completed by 918 students from three Italian universities. RESULTS: 29.0% of participants demonstrated traits of ON and 5.0% of MD, without differences in prevalence in the three areas of study investigated (health-scientific, economic-humanistic, sport sciences); students of sport sciences exhibited a significantly higher score for MDDI-ITA (F = 6.493, p = 0.002). Participants with ON and MD traits were more on a diet (OR = 0.47, p ≤ 0.001 and OR = 0.428, p = 0.020, respectively) and showed a higher prevalence of EDs risk (OR = 3.55, p < 0.001 and OR = 10.23, p ≤ 0.001, respectively). The simultaneous presence of ON, MD, and EDs traits was seen in 5.4% of the students and the three test scores were correlated. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of ON and MD traits was found similar to that reported in the literature on undergraduates. Some associations observed improvement in the knowledge about these conditions, especially the association of participants with ON and MD traits with dieting and EDs traits and the correlation of the three test scores suggests a connection among these potential conditions. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, descriptive cross-sectional survey. SN - 1590-1262 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31529388/Traits_of_orthorexia_nervosa_and_muscle_dysmorphia_in_Italian_university_students:_a_multicentre_study L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40519-019-00779-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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