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Seroreactivity and prevalence of syphilis in donors at a blood bank in Barranquilla, Colombia
Biomedica 2019; 39(s1):163-171B

Abstract

Introduction: Syphilis is a public health concern given its high impact on morbidity and mortality.

Objective:

We aimed to determine the association of syphilis seroreactivity and seroprevalence with sociodemographic variables of donors at a blood bank in the district of Barranquilla, Colombia, during 2015 and 2016. Materials and methods: We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study based on the results of the treponemal and nontreponemal tests and the sociodemographic variables of the study population. We performed a univariate analysis to determine the absolute and relative frequencies for each categorical variable. We determined the seroreactivity against Treponema pallidum and the prevalence of active syphilis infection, and we used Pearson’s chi-square test to evaluate the differences between the proportions.

Results:

We found a seroreactivity of 1.86% in individuals with previous T. pallidum infection, and a prevalence of 0.93% in those with active T. pallidum infection. These values were higher in adult men and older adults, widowers, the unemployed, and people living in municipalities of the Department of Atlántico other than Barranquilla and its metropolitan area. The incidence of syphilis infection showed a significant association with sex and occupation.

Conclusion:

In comparison to the national average, syphilis seroreactivity was high among blood donors. There was an association between syphilis infection incidence and sociodemographic variables such as sex and occupation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Banco Nacional de Sangre, Barranquilla, Colombia. juancarlosmartinez033@gmail.com.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

eng spa

PubMed ID

31529858

Citation

Martínez-Garcés, Juan Carlos, et al. "Seroreactivity and Prevalence of Syphilis in Donors at a Blood Bank in Barranquilla, Colombia." Biomedica : Revista Del Instituto Nacional De Salud, vol. 39, no. s1, 2019, pp. 163-171.
Martínez-Garcés JC, Macías-Vidal M, Maestre-Serrano R, et al. Seroreactivity and prevalence of syphilis in donors at a blood bank in Barranquilla, Colombia. Biomedica. 2019;39(s1):163-171.
Martínez-Garcés, J. C., Macías-Vidal, M., Maestre-Serrano, R., Ávila-De la Hoz, R., Navarro-Jiménez, E., Bula-Viecco, J., & Ricaurte-Barrera, L. (2019). Seroreactivity and prevalence of syphilis in donors at a blood bank in Barranquilla, Colombia. Biomedica : Revista Del Instituto Nacional De Salud, 39(s1), pp. 163-171. doi:10.7705/biomedica.v39i1.4245.
Martínez-Garcés JC, et al. Seroreactivity and Prevalence of Syphilis in Donors at a Blood Bank in Barranquilla, Colombia. Biomedica. 2019 05 1;39(s1):163-171. PubMed PMID: 31529858.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Seroreactivity and prevalence of syphilis in donors at a blood bank in Barranquilla, Colombia AU - Martínez-Garcés,Juan Carlos, AU - Macías-Vidal,Michael, AU - Maestre-Serrano,Ronald, AU - Ávila-De la Hoz,Ricardo, AU - Navarro-Jiménez,Eduardo, AU - Bula-Viecco,Johan, AU - Ricaurte-Barrera,Lisbeth, Y1 - 2019/05/01/ PY - 2017/12/08/received PY - 2019/9/19/entrez PY - 2019/9/19/pubmed PY - 2019/9/19/medline KW - Syphilis KW - Treponema pallidum KW - blood donors KW - seroepidemiologic studies KW - blood banks SP - 163 EP - 171 JF - Biomedica : revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud JO - Biomedica VL - 39 IS - s1 N2 - Introduction: Syphilis is a public health concern given its high impact on morbidity and mortality. Objective: We aimed to determine the association of syphilis seroreactivity and seroprevalence with sociodemographic variables of donors at a blood bank in the district of Barranquilla, Colombia, during 2015 and 2016. Materials and methods: We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study based on the results of the treponemal and nontreponemal tests and the sociodemographic variables of the study population. We performed a univariate analysis to determine the absolute and relative frequencies for each categorical variable. We determined the seroreactivity against Treponema pallidum and the prevalence of active syphilis infection, and we used Pearson’s chi-square test to evaluate the differences between the proportions. Results: We found a seroreactivity of 1.86% in individuals with previous T. pallidum infection, and a prevalence of 0.93% in those with active T. pallidum infection. These values were higher in adult men and older adults, widowers, the unemployed, and people living in municipalities of the Department of Atlántico other than Barranquilla and its metropolitan area. The incidence of syphilis infection showed a significant association with sex and occupation. Conclusion: In comparison to the national average, syphilis seroreactivity was high among blood donors. There was an association between syphilis infection incidence and sociodemographic variables such as sex and occupation. SN - 0120-4157 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31529858/Seroreactivity_and_prevalence_of_syphilis_in_donors_at_a_blood_bank_in_Barranquilla,_Colombia L2 - https://www.revistabiomedica.org/index.php/biomedica/article/view/4245 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -