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Survey of Southern Wisconsin Needle Exchange Clients Regarding Opioid Overdose and Naloxone Use.
WMJ. 2019 Jul; 118(2):84-87.WMJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Factors surrounding opioid overdose and naloxone use must be explored from the user perspective in order to more effectively combat the current opioid crisis.

METHODS

AIDS Resource Center of Wisconsin needle exchange clients were surveyed regarding overdose victim demographics, interventions, experience with naloxone, and overdose outcomes.

RESULTS

Most respondents (102/108, 94.4%) reported either experiencing or witnessing an overdose. While naloxone was often used (64/102, 62.7%), other recommended interventions, such as calling 911 (44/102, 43.1%) and rescue breathing (31/102, 30.4%) often were not. Potential legal consequences were cited as a major barrier for contacting emergency medical services (42.3%).

DISCUSSION/CONCLUSION

There appears to be a need for education and/or policy change to facilitate appropriate overdose prevention and use of emergency medical services in the setting of opioid overdose.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin, aabaltes@wisc.edu.Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin.Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin.Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin.Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31532934

Citation

Baltes, Amelia, et al. "Survey of Southern Wisconsin Needle Exchange Clients Regarding Opioid Overdose and Naloxone Use." WMJ : Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin, vol. 118, no. 2, 2019, pp. 84-87.
Baltes A, Devo B, Kaiser M, et al. Survey of Southern Wisconsin Needle Exchange Clients Regarding Opioid Overdose and Naloxone Use. WMJ. 2019;118(2):84-87.
Baltes, A., Devo, B., Kaiser, M., Birstler, J., & Brown, R. T. (2019). Survey of Southern Wisconsin Needle Exchange Clients Regarding Opioid Overdose and Naloxone Use. WMJ : Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin, 118(2), 84-87.
Baltes A, et al. Survey of Southern Wisconsin Needle Exchange Clients Regarding Opioid Overdose and Naloxone Use. WMJ. 2019;118(2):84-87. PubMed PMID: 31532934.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Survey of Southern Wisconsin Needle Exchange Clients Regarding Opioid Overdose and Naloxone Use. AU - Baltes,Amelia, AU - Devo,Brienna, AU - Kaiser,Margaret, AU - Birstler,Jen, AU - Brown,Randall T, PY - 2019/9/19/entrez PY - 2019/9/19/pubmed PY - 2020/2/28/medline SP - 84 EP - 87 JF - WMJ : official publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin JO - WMJ VL - 118 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Factors surrounding opioid overdose and naloxone use must be explored from the user perspective in order to more effectively combat the current opioid crisis. METHODS: AIDS Resource Center of Wisconsin needle exchange clients were surveyed regarding overdose victim demographics, interventions, experience with naloxone, and overdose outcomes. RESULTS: Most respondents (102/108, 94.4%) reported either experiencing or witnessing an overdose. While naloxone was often used (64/102, 62.7%), other recommended interventions, such as calling 911 (44/102, 43.1%) and rescue breathing (31/102, 30.4%) often were not. Potential legal consequences were cited as a major barrier for contacting emergency medical services (42.3%). DISCUSSION/CONCLUSION: There appears to be a need for education and/or policy change to facilitate appropriate overdose prevention and use of emergency medical services in the setting of opioid overdose. SN - 2379-3961 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31532934/Survey_of_Southern_Wisconsin_Needle_Exchange_Clients_Regarding_Opioid_Overdose_and_Naloxone_Use_ L2 - https://wmjonline.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/118/2/84.pdf DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -