Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Microbiological Testing Results of Boneless and Ground Beef Purchased for the U.S. National School Lunch Program, School Years 2015 to 2018.
J Food Prot 2019; 82(10):1761-1768JF

Abstract

The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) purchases beef for the National School Lunch Program and other federal nutrition assistance programs. For beef that will be delivered to food service facilities raw, each ca. 900-kg lot of boneless beef raw material and each ca. 4,500-kg sublot of resultant ground beef is tested for standard plate count (SPC) organisms, coliforms, Escherichia coli, Salmonella, and E. coli O157:H7. In addition, 1 of every 10 lots of boneless beef, randomly selected, is tested for E. coli O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, and O145. For beef that will be cooked using a validated lethality step at a federally inspected establishment before delivery, each lot of boneless beef and each sublot of ground beef is tested for SPC organisms, coliforms, and E. coli only. Any lot or sublot exceeding predefined critical limits (CLs) of 100,000 CFU g-1 for SPC organisms, 1,000 CFU g-1 for coliforms, or 500 CFU g-1 for E. coli or for beef containing Salmonella or any of previously mentioned E. coli serotypes is rejected for purchase. For school years 2015 through 2018 (July 2014 through June 2018), 220,497,254 kg of boneless beef and 189,347,318 kg of ground beef were produced for AMS. For boneless beef, 133 (0.06%), 164 (0.07%), and 106 (0.04%) of 240,488 lots exceeded CLs for SPC organisms, coliforms, and E. coli, respectively; 2,038 (1.30%) and 116 (0.07%) of 156,671 lots were positive for Salmonella and E. coli O157:H7, respectively; and 59 (0.36%) of 16,515 lots were positive for non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing E. coli. For ground beef, 46 (0.10%), 27 (0.06%), and 19 (0.04%) of 45,769 sublots exceeded CLs for SPC organisms, coliforms, and E. coli, respectively; and 329 (1.40%) and 18 (0.08%) of 23,475 sublots were positive for Salmonella and E. coli O157:H7, respectively. All lots and sublots found to exceed indicator organism CLs or to contain pathogens were identified, rejected for purchase, and diverted from federal nutrition assistance programs.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 420 East Delaware Street, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA.Livestock and Poultry Program, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1400 Independence Avenue, Washington, DC 20250, USA.Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 420 East Delaware Street, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA.Livestock and Poultry Program, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1400 Independence Avenue, Washington, DC 20250, USA.Livestock and Poultry Program, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1400 Independence Avenue, Washington, DC 20250, USA.Livestock and Poultry Program, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1400 Independence Avenue, Washington, DC 20250, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31538829

Citation

Vial, Scott L., et al. "Microbiological Testing Results of Boneless and Ground Beef Purchased for the U.S. National School Lunch Program, School Years 2015 to 2018." Journal of Food Protection, vol. 82, no. 10, 2019, pp. 1761-1768.
Vial SL, Doerscher DR, Hedberg CW, et al. Microbiological Testing Results of Boneless and Ground Beef Purchased for the U.S. National School Lunch Program, School Years 2015 to 2018. J Food Prot. 2019;82(10):1761-1768.
Vial, S. L., Doerscher, D. R., Hedberg, C. W., Stone, W. A., Whisenant, S. J., & Schroeder, C. M. (2019). Microbiological Testing Results of Boneless and Ground Beef Purchased for the U.S. National School Lunch Program, School Years 2015 to 2018. Journal of Food Protection, 82(10), pp. 1761-1768. doi:10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-19-241.
Vial SL, et al. Microbiological Testing Results of Boneless and Ground Beef Purchased for the U.S. National School Lunch Program, School Years 2015 to 2018. J Food Prot. 2019;82(10):1761-1768. PubMed PMID: 31538829.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Microbiological Testing Results of Boneless and Ground Beef Purchased for the U.S. National School Lunch Program, School Years 2015 to 2018. AU - Vial,Scott L, AU - Doerscher,Darin R, AU - Hedberg,Craig W, AU - Stone,William A, AU - Whisenant,Stephen J, AU - Schroeder,Carl M, PY - 2019/9/21/pubmed PY - 2019/9/21/medline PY - 2019/9/21/entrez KW - Beef KW - Escherichia coli O157:H7 KW - National School Lunch Program KW - Salmonella SP - 1761 EP - 1768 JF - Journal of food protection JO - J. Food Prot. VL - 82 IS - 10 N2 - The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) purchases beef for the National School Lunch Program and other federal nutrition assistance programs. For beef that will be delivered to food service facilities raw, each ca. 900-kg lot of boneless beef raw material and each ca. 4,500-kg sublot of resultant ground beef is tested for standard plate count (SPC) organisms, coliforms, Escherichia coli, Salmonella, and E. coli O157:H7. In addition, 1 of every 10 lots of boneless beef, randomly selected, is tested for E. coli O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, and O145. For beef that will be cooked using a validated lethality step at a federally inspected establishment before delivery, each lot of boneless beef and each sublot of ground beef is tested for SPC organisms, coliforms, and E. coli only. Any lot or sublot exceeding predefined critical limits (CLs) of 100,000 CFU g-1 for SPC organisms, 1,000 CFU g-1 for coliforms, or 500 CFU g-1 for E. coli or for beef containing Salmonella or any of previously mentioned E. coli serotypes is rejected for purchase. For school years 2015 through 2018 (July 2014 through June 2018), 220,497,254 kg of boneless beef and 189,347,318 kg of ground beef were produced for AMS. For boneless beef, 133 (0.06%), 164 (0.07%), and 106 (0.04%) of 240,488 lots exceeded CLs for SPC organisms, coliforms, and E. coli, respectively; 2,038 (1.30%) and 116 (0.07%) of 156,671 lots were positive for Salmonella and E. coli O157:H7, respectively; and 59 (0.36%) of 16,515 lots were positive for non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing E. coli. For ground beef, 46 (0.10%), 27 (0.06%), and 19 (0.04%) of 45,769 sublots exceeded CLs for SPC organisms, coliforms, and E. coli, respectively; and 329 (1.40%) and 18 (0.08%) of 23,475 sublots were positive for Salmonella and E. coli O157:H7, respectively. All lots and sublots found to exceed indicator organism CLs or to contain pathogens were identified, rejected for purchase, and diverted from federal nutrition assistance programs. SN - 1944-9097 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31538829/Microbiological_Testing_Results_of_Boneless_and_Ground_Beef_Purchased_for_the_U.S._National_School_Lunch_Program,_School_Years_2015_to_2018 L2 - http://jfoodprotection.org/doi/10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-19-241?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -