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Oral and cranio-maxillofacial trauma in children and adolescents in an emergency setting at a Brazilian hospital.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS

Very few studies have been performed to evaluate cranio-maxillofacial trauma diagnosed in hospitals in children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to perform an analysis of oral and cranio-maxillofacial trauma in the aforementioned population.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

A hospital-based retrospective study, which reviewed 1438 patient records, was conducted at the "Teresina Emergency Hospital", Brazil. Data regarding demographics, day of the week on which trauma occurred, type of injury, etiology, anatomic trauma site, time of hospital admission, and associated comorbidities (or injuries) were collected.

RESULTS

There were 1092 (75.9%) males and 346 (24.1%) females. The largest group was adolescents aged between 13 and 18 years (956, 66.5%). The majority lived in urban areas (69%). Trauma occurred most frequently during the week. The most prevalent etiology was road traffic accidents involving motorcycles (771, 53.6%) causing facial and skull fractures (598, 41%). The most prevalent soft tissue lesions were facial abrasions (49%), followed by injuries to the cheek (16.7%). Comorbidities associated with craniofacial trauma were present in 82%, with complications from traumatic brain injuries being the most prevalent (65.6%) Dental trauma was recorded in only 81 cases (5.6%).

CONCLUSION

Male adolescents living in urban areas were most affected by craniofacial trauma. The most common cause was road traffic accidents involving motorcycles, resulting in facial and skull fractures. Complications from traumatic brain injuries were the most common associated injuries.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Dentistry, Uninovafapi, Teresina, Brazil. School of Dentistry, Faculdade São Leopoldo Mandic, Campinas, Brazil.School of Dentistry, Uninovafapi, Teresina, Brazil.School of Dentistry, Uninovafapi, Teresina, Brazil.School of Dentistry, Uninovafapi, Teresina, Brazil.School of Dentistry, Faculdade São Leopoldo Mandic, Campinas, Brazil.School of Dentistry, Faculdade São Leopoldo Mandic, Campinas, Brazil.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31541558

Citation

Rêgo, Isabel Cristina Quaresma, et al. "Oral and Cranio-maxillofacial Trauma in Children and Adolescents in an Emergency Setting at a Brazilian Hospital." Dental Traumatology : Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology, 2019.
Rêgo ICQ, Vilarinho SMM, Rodrigues CKF, et al. Oral and cranio-maxillofacial trauma in children and adolescents in an emergency setting at a Brazilian hospital. Dent Traumatol. 2019.
Rêgo, I. C. Q., Vilarinho, S. M. M., Rodrigues, C. K. F., Correia, P. V. A. R., Junqueira, J. L. C., & Oliveira, L. B. (2019). Oral and cranio-maxillofacial trauma in children and adolescents in an emergency setting at a Brazilian hospital. Dental Traumatology : Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology, doi:10.1111/edt.12515.
Rêgo ICQ, et al. Oral and Cranio-maxillofacial Trauma in Children and Adolescents in an Emergency Setting at a Brazilian Hospital. Dent Traumatol. 2019 Sep 21; PubMed PMID: 31541558.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Oral and cranio-maxillofacial trauma in children and adolescents in an emergency setting at a Brazilian hospital. AU - Rêgo,Isabel Cristina Quaresma, AU - Vilarinho,Silvia Marques Martins, AU - Rodrigues,Claudia Karolyne Freitas, AU - Correia,Paula Vitória de Almeida Ramos, AU - Junqueira,José Luiz Cintra, AU - Oliveira,Luciana Butini, Y1 - 2019/09/21/ PY - 2019/03/21/received PY - 2019/09/16/revised PY - 2019/09/16/accepted PY - 2019/9/22/pubmed PY - 2019/9/22/medline PY - 2019/9/22/entrez KW - adolescents KW - children KW - dental trauma KW - epidemiology KW - maxillofacial injuries JF - Dental traumatology : official publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology JO - Dent Traumatol N2 - BACKGROUND/AIMS: Very few studies have been performed to evaluate cranio-maxillofacial trauma diagnosed in hospitals in children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to perform an analysis of oral and cranio-maxillofacial trauma in the aforementioned population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A hospital-based retrospective study, which reviewed 1438 patient records, was conducted at the "Teresina Emergency Hospital", Brazil. Data regarding demographics, day of the week on which trauma occurred, type of injury, etiology, anatomic trauma site, time of hospital admission, and associated comorbidities (or injuries) were collected. RESULTS: There were 1092 (75.9%) males and 346 (24.1%) females. The largest group was adolescents aged between 13 and 18 years (956, 66.5%). The majority lived in urban areas (69%). Trauma occurred most frequently during the week. The most prevalent etiology was road traffic accidents involving motorcycles (771, 53.6%) causing facial and skull fractures (598, 41%). The most prevalent soft tissue lesions were facial abrasions (49%), followed by injuries to the cheek (16.7%). Comorbidities associated with craniofacial trauma were present in 82%, with complications from traumatic brain injuries being the most prevalent (65.6%) Dental trauma was recorded in only 81 cases (5.6%). CONCLUSION: Male adolescents living in urban areas were most affected by craniofacial trauma. The most common cause was road traffic accidents involving motorcycles, resulting in facial and skull fractures. Complications from traumatic brain injuries were the most common associated injuries. SN - 1600-9657 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31541558/Oral_and_cranio-maxillofacial_trauma_in_children_and_adolescents_in_an_emergency_setting_at_a_Brazilian_hospital L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/edt.12515 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -