The diagnostic role of the β-hCG discriminatory zone combined with the endometrial pattern for ectopic pregnancy in Chinese women.Sci Rep 2019; 9(1):13781SR
Previous studies have regarded the discriminatory serum β-hCG zone (DSZ) as a valuable tool for the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy (EP). However, the wide range of the DSZ makes achieving a clinical diagnosis of EP difficult, and these reports do not indicate whether the DSZ is suitable for an EP diagnosis in Chinese women. Several studies have indicated that the endometrial pattern in patients with EPs is different from that in patients with intrauterine pregnancies (IUPs). The aims of this study were to define the DSZ cutoff value for Chinese women, test whether the endometrial pattern is a suitable predictor for EP, and assess the diagnostic value of these indicators. We enrolled participants with IUPs or EPs with abdominal pain and/or vaginal bleeding, and serum β-hCG level measurements and transvaginal ultrasound (TVS) were performed to assess the diagnostic value of the indicators for EP. The sensitivity and specificity for identifying an EP were improved by combining the DSZ, endometrial thickness and trilaminar pattern indexes. The results of this study might be helpful toward providing further options for the diagnosis of EP, especially for patients without hemoperitoneum or colporrhagia.