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Adherence to a Mediterranean diet by vegetarians and vegans as compared to omnivores.
Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2020 May; 71(3):378-387.IJ

Abstract

To assess adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MedD) by vegetarians and vegans compared to omnivores, we recruited an internet-based convenience sample of 565, 151 and 514 Israeli (>20 years) vegans, vegetarians and omnivores. Studies assessing vegetarians' and vegans' adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MedD) are scarce. We recruited an internet-based convenience sample of 565, 151 and 514 Israeli vegans, vegetarians and omnivores, mostly female with a normal weight. We assessed their MedD scores (MedDS) and their food groups' consumption by two food frequency questionnaires: (1) Trichopoulou's MedDS (range 0-9); (2) Literature-based MedDS (LBMedDS) (range 0-18). We found that vegans tend to consume significantly more legumes, nuts, fruits and vegetables than omnivores. The multivariable-adjusted odds for high MedDS (a score ≥4) (compared to omnivores) assessed by Trichopoulou's score were: 32.35-fold higher in vegans (95% CI, 21.43-48.84) and 3.13-fold higher in vegetarians (95% CI, 2.06-4.76). Using the LBMedDS, vegans had 2.30-fold higher odds for high MedD adherence (a score ≥12) and vegetarians 1.66-fold higher odds compared to omnivores. In conclusion, we found a higher MedD adherence among vegans and vegetarians compared to omnivores.

Authors+Show Affiliations

The Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.The Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel. Robert H Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel. Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Institute of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Hypertension, Tel-Aviv, Israel.The Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.The Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.The Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31558068

Citation

Avital, Kerem, et al. "Adherence to a Mediterranean Diet By Vegetarians and Vegans as Compared to Omnivores." International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, vol. 71, no. 3, 2020, pp. 378-387.
Avital K, Buch A, Hollander I, et al. Adherence to a Mediterranean diet by vegetarians and vegans as compared to omnivores. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2020;71(3):378-387.
Avital, K., Buch, A., Hollander, I., Brickner, T., & Goldbourt, U. (2020). Adherence to a Mediterranean diet by vegetarians and vegans as compared to omnivores. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 71(3), 378-387. https://doi.org/10.1080/09637486.2019.1663797
Avital K, et al. Adherence to a Mediterranean Diet By Vegetarians and Vegans as Compared to Omnivores. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2020;71(3):378-387. PubMed PMID: 31558068.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Adherence to a Mediterranean diet by vegetarians and vegans as compared to omnivores. AU - Avital,Kerem, AU - Buch,Assaf, AU - Hollander,Idan, AU - Brickner,Tzori, AU - Goldbourt,Uri, Y1 - 2019/09/26/ PY - 2019/9/29/pubmed PY - 2019/9/29/medline PY - 2019/9/28/entrez KW - Mediterranean diet KW - food patterns KW - vegan diet KW - vegetarian diet SP - 378 EP - 387 JF - International journal of food sciences and nutrition JO - Int J Food Sci Nutr VL - 71 IS - 3 N2 - To assess adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MedD) by vegetarians and vegans compared to omnivores, we recruited an internet-based convenience sample of 565, 151 and 514 Israeli (>20 years) vegans, vegetarians and omnivores. Studies assessing vegetarians' and vegans' adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MedD) are scarce. We recruited an internet-based convenience sample of 565, 151 and 514 Israeli vegans, vegetarians and omnivores, mostly female with a normal weight. We assessed their MedD scores (MedDS) and their food groups' consumption by two food frequency questionnaires: (1) Trichopoulou's MedDS (range 0-9); (2) Literature-based MedDS (LBMedDS) (range 0-18). We found that vegans tend to consume significantly more legumes, nuts, fruits and vegetables than omnivores. The multivariable-adjusted odds for high MedDS (a score ≥4) (compared to omnivores) assessed by Trichopoulou's score were: 32.35-fold higher in vegans (95% CI, 21.43-48.84) and 3.13-fold higher in vegetarians (95% CI, 2.06-4.76). Using the LBMedDS, vegans had 2.30-fold higher odds for high MedD adherence (a score ≥12) and vegetarians 1.66-fold higher odds compared to omnivores. In conclusion, we found a higher MedD adherence among vegans and vegetarians compared to omnivores. SN - 1465-3478 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31558068/Adherence_to_a_Mediterranean_diet_by_vegetarians_and_vegans_as_compared_to_omnivores_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09637486.2019.1663797 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -