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A Pyrazine-Based Polymer for Fast-Charge Batteries.

Abstract

The lack of high-power and stable cathodes prohibits the development of rechargeable metal (Na, Mg, Al) batteries. Herein, poly(hexaazatrinaphthalene) (PHATN), an environmentally benign, abundant and sustainable polymer, is employed as a universal cathode material for these batteries. In Na-ion batteries (NIBs), PHATN delivers a reversible capacity of 220 mAh g-1 at 50 mA g-1 , corresponding to the energy density of 440 Wh kg-1 , and still retains 100 mAh g-1 at 10 Ag-1 after 50 000 cycles, which is among the best performances in NIBs. Such an exceptional performance is also observed in more challenging Mg and Al batteries. PHATN retains reversible capacities of 110 mAh g-1 after 200 cycles in Mg batteries and 92 mAh g-1 after 100 cycles in Al batteries. DFT calculations, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman, and FTIR show that the electron-deficient pyrazine sites in PHATN are the redox centers to reversibly react with metal ions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20742, USA. State Key Laboratory of Chemo/Biosensing and Chemometrics, School of Physics and Electronics, Hunan University, Changsha, 410082, China. Key Laboratory for Renewable Energy, Beijing Key Laboratory for New Energy Materials and Devices, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100190, China.Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, 22030, USA.Electrochemistry Branch, Power and Energy Division Sensor and Electron Devices Directorate, US Army Research Laboratory, Adelphi, MD, 20783, USA.Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20742, USA.Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20742, USA.Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20742, USA.Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20742, USA. State Key Laboratory of Chemo/Biosensing and Chemometrics, School of Physics and Electronics, Hunan University, Changsha, 410082, China.Key Laboratory for Renewable Energy, Beijing Key Laboratory for New Energy Materials and Devices, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100190, China.Key Laboratory for Renewable Energy, Beijing Key Laboratory for New Energy Materials and Devices, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100190, China.Key Laboratory for Renewable Energy, Beijing Key Laboratory for New Energy Materials and Devices, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100190, China.Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20742, USA.State Key Laboratory of Chemo/Biosensing and Chemometrics, School of Physics and Electronics, Hunan University, Changsha, 410082, China.State Key Laboratory of Chemo/Biosensing and Chemometrics, School of Physics and Electronics, Hunan University, Changsha, 410082, China.Key Laboratory for Renewable Energy, Beijing Key Laboratory for New Energy Materials and Devices, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100190, China.Electrochemistry Branch, Power and Energy Division Sensor and Electron Devices Directorate, US Army Research Laboratory, Adelphi, MD, 20783, USA.Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20742, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31571354

Citation

Mao, Minglei, et al. "A Pyrazine-Based Polymer for Fast-Charge Batteries." Angewandte Chemie (International Ed. in English), 2019.
Mao M, Luo C, Pollard TP, et al. A Pyrazine-Based Polymer for Fast-Charge Batteries. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2019.
Mao, M., Luo, C., Pollard, T. P., Hou, S., Gao, T., Fan, X., ... Wang, C. (2019). A Pyrazine-Based Polymer for Fast-Charge Batteries. Angewandte Chemie (International Ed. in English), doi:10.1002/anie.201910916.
Mao M, et al. A Pyrazine-Based Polymer for Fast-Charge Batteries. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2019 Sep 30; PubMed PMID: 31571354.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A Pyrazine-Based Polymer for Fast-Charge Batteries. AU - Mao,Minglei, AU - Luo,Chao, AU - Pollard,Travis P, AU - Hou,Singyuk, AU - Gao,Tao, AU - Fan,Xiulin, AU - Cui,Chunyu, AU - Yue,Jinming, AU - Tong,Yuxin, AU - Yang,Gaojing, AU - Deng,Tao, AU - Zhang,Ming, AU - Ma,Jianmin, AU - Suo,Liumin, AU - Borodin,Oleg, AU - Wang,Chunsheng, Y1 - 2019/09/30/ PY - 2019/08/26/received PY - 2019/10/2/pubmed PY - 2019/10/2/medline PY - 2019/10/2/entrez KW - fast charging KW - polymer cathodes KW - rechargeable Al batteries KW - rechargeable Mg batteries KW - sodium ion batteries JF - Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English) JO - Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. N2 - The lack of high-power and stable cathodes prohibits the development of rechargeable metal (Na, Mg, Al) batteries. Herein, poly(hexaazatrinaphthalene) (PHATN), an environmentally benign, abundant and sustainable polymer, is employed as a universal cathode material for these batteries. In Na-ion batteries (NIBs), PHATN delivers a reversible capacity of 220 mAh g-1 at 50 mA g-1 , corresponding to the energy density of 440 Wh kg-1 , and still retains 100 mAh g-1 at 10 Ag-1 after 50 000 cycles, which is among the best performances in NIBs. Such an exceptional performance is also observed in more challenging Mg and Al batteries. PHATN retains reversible capacities of 110 mAh g-1 after 200 cycles in Mg batteries and 92 mAh g-1 after 100 cycles in Al batteries. DFT calculations, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman, and FTIR show that the electron-deficient pyrazine sites in PHATN are the redox centers to reversibly react with metal ions. SN - 1521-3773 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31571354/A_Pyrazine_Based_Polymer_for_Fast_Charge_Batteries_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.201910916 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -