High Pyridine Generation in Ceftazidime-Icodextrin Admixtures Used to Treat Peritoneal Dialysis-associated Peritonitis.Clin Ther. 2019 11; 41(11):2446-2451.CT
To investigate the amount of pyridine generated from degradation of ceftazidime in icodextrin peritoneal dialysis (PD) solutions.
PD solutions that contained 1 and 1.5 g of ceftazidime were stored at 25 °C for 12 hours and then at 37 °C for 14 hours. An aliquot was withdrawn at predefined time points and analyzed for the concentrations of ceftazidime and pyridine.
The amount of pyridine generated was >225% and 400% of its maximum recommended daily exposure in the 1- and 1.5-g ceftazidime-PD admixtures, respectively.
Until these results are confirmed with appropriate in vivo studies, intermittent intraperitoneal dosing of ceftazidime admixed with icodextrin should be used with caution and appropriate clinical monitoring or a suitable alternative antibiotic should be used.