Scandcleft randomized trials of primary surgery for unilateral cleft lip and palate: occlusion in 8-year-olds according to the Modified Huddart and Bodenham index.Eur J Orthod. 2020 Jan 27; 42(1):15-23.EJ
The Scandcleft international multicenter study is a prospective clinical trial of the long-term outcome after four different surgical protocols for palatal closure in patients born with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). This paper is one of a series of follow-up studies in 8-year olds.
To evaluate the dental occlusion of 8-year-old patients after four different protocols of primary surgery for UCLP.
Ten cleft centres in five countries tested three different surgical procedures for primary palatal repair in three parallel trials (Arms B, C, and D) against a common procedure (Arm A).
Initially 448 children born with non-syndromic UCLP were included in the project. At 8 years of age, 428 children remained in the study. Dental casts of 411 patients (270 boys, 141 girls), mean age 8.1 years (range 7.0-10.0) were taken. The casts were blindly assessed with the Modified Huddart and Bodenham (MHB) index by four orthodontists. The main outcome measures were anterior (+2 to -6) and posterior (0 to -8) mean scores. Comparisons were made with previous data in 5-year-olds.
The inter- and intra-examiner reliability was good to excellent (0.75-0.90; 0.73-0.97), respectively. The mean total scores varied from -7.09 (Trial 2C) to -10.13 (Trial 3D). The mean anterior scores varied from -1.75 (Trial 2C) to -3.18 (Trial 1A). The mean posterior cleft-side scores varied from -4.32 (Trial 1B) to -5.21 (Trial 3D) and the mean non-cleft-side scores varied from -0.88 (Trial 2C) to -2.40 (Trial 3A). No significant differences were found within the trials. A significant difference was found between Trials 2 and 3 (Arm C/D) for the total score (P = 0.004).
There was no evidence of clinically significant differences in occlusion between the two surgical methods in each trial or between the trials. All mean scores showed more negative values in 8-year-olds compared with previously reported values in 5-year-olds.