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Diet as Regulator of Gut Microbiota and its Role in Health and Disease.
Arch Med Res 2019; 50(5):259-268AM

Abstract

In recent years, the gut microbiota has been of great interest due to its role in maintaining health and its association with the development of different diseases such as obesity and diabetes. The objective of the present review is to show the main functions of the gut microbiota, the role in the degradation of complex carbohydrates particularly soluble fiber, resistant starches and bioactive compounds particularly polyphenols. In addition, the review will focus on the nutrient-gut microbiota interaction and its role on the development of dysbiosis (imbalance) and low-grade inflammation during the obesity and type 2 diabetes. Finally, several strategies using prebiotics will be discussed to reduce the gut microbiota dysbiosis, and to improve some biochemical abnormalities during obesity and type 2 diabetes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Departamento de Fisiología de la Nutrición, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Ciudad de México, México.Departamento de Fisiología de la Nutrición, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Ciudad de México, México.Departamento de Fisiología de la Nutrición, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Ciudad de México, México. Electronic address: nimbe.torrest@incmnsz.mx.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31593850

Citation

Sánchez-Tapia, Mónica, et al. "Diet as Regulator of Gut Microbiota and Its Role in Health and Disease." Archives of Medical Research, vol. 50, no. 5, 2019, pp. 259-268.
Sánchez-Tapia M, Tovar AR, Torres N. Diet as Regulator of Gut Microbiota and its Role in Health and Disease. Arch Med Res. 2019;50(5):259-268.
Sánchez-Tapia, M., Tovar, A. R., & Torres, N. (2019). Diet as Regulator of Gut Microbiota and its Role in Health and Disease. Archives of Medical Research, 50(5), pp. 259-268. doi:10.1016/j.arcmed.2019.09.004.
Sánchez-Tapia M, Tovar AR, Torres N. Diet as Regulator of Gut Microbiota and Its Role in Health and Disease. Arch Med Res. 2019;50(5):259-268. PubMed PMID: 31593850.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Diet as Regulator of Gut Microbiota and its Role in Health and Disease. AU - Sánchez-Tapia,Mónica, AU - Tovar,Armando R, AU - Torres,Nimbe, Y1 - 2019/10/05/ PY - 2019/04/30/received PY - 2019/09/09/accepted PY - 2019/10/9/pubmed PY - 2019/10/9/medline PY - 2019/10/9/entrez KW - Diet KW - Gut microbiota KW - Nutrients KW - Obesity KW - Type 2 diabetes SP - 259 EP - 268 JF - Archives of medical research JO - Arch. Med. Res. VL - 50 IS - 5 N2 - In recent years, the gut microbiota has been of great interest due to its role in maintaining health and its association with the development of different diseases such as obesity and diabetes. The objective of the present review is to show the main functions of the gut microbiota, the role in the degradation of complex carbohydrates particularly soluble fiber, resistant starches and bioactive compounds particularly polyphenols. In addition, the review will focus on the nutrient-gut microbiota interaction and its role on the development of dysbiosis (imbalance) and low-grade inflammation during the obesity and type 2 diabetes. Finally, several strategies using prebiotics will be discussed to reduce the gut microbiota dysbiosis, and to improve some biochemical abnormalities during obesity and type 2 diabetes. SN - 1873-5487 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31593850/Diet_as_Regulator_of_Gut_Microbiota_and_its_Role_in_Health_and_Disease L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0188-4409(19)30466-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -