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Retrospective two-centre study on prepubertal children with Tinea capitis in Korea.
Mycoses 2019M

Abstract

Tinea capitis is an infectious dermatological disorder caused by dermatophytes that occur primarily in children. It has recently been brought under effective control in Korea since the introduction of oral antifungal medications and the implementation of concerted public health initiatives. Therefore, its incidence rate has decreased considerably. We investigated changes in the epidemiological and mycological characteristics of tinea capitis patients under the age of 10 in Korea. Using medical records from Kyungpook National University Hospital and the Catholic Skin Disease Clinic from 1989 to 2018, we retrospectively investigated the characteristics of 786 patients with tinea capitis. Of the 786 patients, 744 were KOH-positive. The annual incidence of tinea capitis was decreased from 120 to less than 10 between 1989 and 2018. Overall, 446 (56.74%) were male and 340 (43.26%) were female, representing a ratio of 1:0.8. In terms of the seasonality of it, 276 (35.11%) visited hospital in winter, 193 (24.55%) in spring, 177 (22.52%) in fall and 140 (17.81%) in summer. Dermatophytes were cultured from 628 patients. Microsporum canis was the most common dermatophyte (73.16%), followed by Trichophyton verrucosum and Trichophyton rubum. Of the 786 patients, 577 (73.41%) lived in urban areas and 209 (26.59%) in rural areas. Changes in the epidemiological and mycological characteristics of children with tinea capitis were shown in incidence, sex distribution, seasonality and causative dermatophytes. The incidence of tinea capitis has fallen significantly in prepubertal children. Nevertheless, continuous surveillance is needed to prevent tinea capitis in Korea.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Korea.Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Korea.Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Korea. Institute of Medical Mycology, Catholic Skin Clinic, Daegu, Korea.Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Korea. Institute of Medical Mycology, Catholic Skin Clinic, Daegu, Korea.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31596519

Citation

Lee, Weon Ju, et al. "Retrospective Two-centre Study On Prepubertal Children With Tinea Capitis in Korea." Mycoses, 2019.
Lee WJ, Lee EH, Bang YJ, et al. Retrospective two-centre study on prepubertal children with Tinea capitis in Korea. Mycoses. 2019.
Lee, W. J., Lee, E. H., Bang, Y. J., & Jun, J. B. (2019). Retrospective two-centre study on prepubertal children with Tinea capitis in Korea. Mycoses, doi:10.1111/myc.13014.
Lee WJ, et al. Retrospective Two-centre Study On Prepubertal Children With Tinea Capitis in Korea. Mycoses. 2019 Oct 9; PubMed PMID: 31596519.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Retrospective two-centre study on prepubertal children with Tinea capitis in Korea. AU - Lee,Weon Ju, AU - Lee,Eun Hye, AU - Bang,Yong Jun, AU - Jun,Jae Bok, Y1 - 2019/10/09/ PY - 2019/08/20/received PY - 2019/09/26/revised PY - 2019/09/28/accepted PY - 2019/10/10/pubmed PY - 2019/10/10/medline PY - 2019/10/10/entrez KW - Korea KW - Tinea capitis KW - prepubertal children JF - Mycoses JO - Mycoses N2 - Tinea capitis is an infectious dermatological disorder caused by dermatophytes that occur primarily in children. It has recently been brought under effective control in Korea since the introduction of oral antifungal medications and the implementation of concerted public health initiatives. Therefore, its incidence rate has decreased considerably. We investigated changes in the epidemiological and mycological characteristics of tinea capitis patients under the age of 10 in Korea. Using medical records from Kyungpook National University Hospital and the Catholic Skin Disease Clinic from 1989 to 2018, we retrospectively investigated the characteristics of 786 patients with tinea capitis. Of the 786 patients, 744 were KOH-positive. The annual incidence of tinea capitis was decreased from 120 to less than 10 between 1989 and 2018. Overall, 446 (56.74%) were male and 340 (43.26%) were female, representing a ratio of 1:0.8. In terms of the seasonality of it, 276 (35.11%) visited hospital in winter, 193 (24.55%) in spring, 177 (22.52%) in fall and 140 (17.81%) in summer. Dermatophytes were cultured from 628 patients. Microsporum canis was the most common dermatophyte (73.16%), followed by Trichophyton verrucosum and Trichophyton rubum. Of the 786 patients, 577 (73.41%) lived in urban areas and 209 (26.59%) in rural areas. Changes in the epidemiological and mycological characteristics of children with tinea capitis were shown in incidence, sex distribution, seasonality and causative dermatophytes. The incidence of tinea capitis has fallen significantly in prepubertal children. Nevertheless, continuous surveillance is needed to prevent tinea capitis in Korea. SN - 1439-0507 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31596519/Retrospective_Two-Center_Study_on_Prepubertal_Children_with_Tinea_Capitis_in_Korea L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/myc.13014 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -