New Insight into U@C80: Missing U@D3(31921)-C80 and Nuanced Enantiomers of U@C1(28324)-C80.Inorg Chem 2019; 58(20):14159-14166IC
Triplet U@C1(28324)-C80, violating the isolated pentagon rule, is experimentally recognized as the stable isomer for uranium-based endohedral monometallofullerene U@C80. Here we first verified that triplet U@D3(31921)-C80, following the isolated pentagon rule, was to be another thermodynamically stable isomer via density functional theory in conjunction with statistical thermodynamic analysis. U@D3(31921)-C80 was probably missing in the previous experiment and would be a promising isomer in the to-be experiment because of its excellently thermodynamic stability. In addition, the anomalous metal position was revealed in U@D3(31921)-C80 and U@C1(28324)-C80. Four-electron transfer from U to C80 was also revealed for the two isomers. Thus, two unpaired 5f electrons were still in the U for U@D3(31921)-C80 and U@C1(28324)-C80. Moreover, the covalent interactions between U and C80 in U@D3(31921)-C80 were stronger than those in U@C1(28324)-C80. The electrostatic interactions preponderated in the interaction energy ΔEint between U and C80 for U@C1(28324)-C80, and the orbital interactions dominated in the ΔEint for U@D3(31921)-C80. The electrophilic and nucleophilic reactivities were also analyzed for U@D3(31921)-C80 and U@C1(28324)-C80. Electronic circular dichroism spectra were simulated to distinguish the two enantiomers of U@C1(28324)-C80. We are hopeful that this investigation will be valuable for further identification of the two enantiomers in future experiments.