Disulfiram-like Reaction With Metronidazole: An Unsuspected Culprit.J Pediatr Pharmacol Ther 2019 Sep-Oct; 24(5):445-449JP
The association of disulfiram-like reaction with concomitant use of metronidazole and alcohol has been reported in the literature; however, alcohol containing oral liquids may not always be identified as a culprit. A case of a 14-year-old patient who experienced a possible disulfiram-like interaction while receiving metronidazole and Prednisone Intensol solution is reported. Metronidazole oral suspension was initiated for treatment of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea. Later, a 5-day course of oral Prednisone Intensol solution was initiated. On day 2 of concomitant metronidazole and steroid therapy, the patient experienced severe discomfort and abdominal distention accompanied by new onset tachycardia. A disulfiram-like reaction between the steroid solution and metronidazole was suspected; therefore, the Prednisone Intensol was discontinued. The patient's mother reported that, following discontinuation, the patient slept well for the first time in 2 days. Use of the Naranjo Adverse Drug Reaction Probability Scale indicated a possible relationship (score of 4) between the concomitant medication use and the gastrointestinal discomfort and tachycardia. If this interaction between metronidazole and alcohol containing medications occurs, it may be initially unrecognized, potentially resulting in patient discomfort or harm. It is important for healthcare professionals to identify these potential drug-drug interactions so that alternative medications may be utilized and offending agents can be avoided or replaced.