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Ancient Parasite Analysis and Zoonotic Potential of Spirometra sp. in Two Related Sites from Pernambuco, Brazil.
J Parasitol 2019; 105(5):755-759JP

Abstract

Pathoecology studies the environmental and cultural factors that contribute to the maintenance of infections or diseases in populations. Concerning parasites, it requires the evaluation of these factors based on the presence and life cycle of these organisms. For this reason, it is possible to apply this concept in the context of ancient populations in order to understand the parasite-host dynamic or even the health consequences faced by the members of the populations. This study aimed to apply the pathoecology concept in Pedra do Tubarão and Cemitério do Caboclo archaeological sites. Six coprolite samples were analyzed and 1 was positive for Spirometra sp. eggs. Spirometra is a cestode that has copepods as the first intermediate host; amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals as the second intermediate hosts; and felines and canines as definitive hosts. Humans can be infected by ingesting the first or second intermediate hosts and can develop sparganosis, which can cause health consequences depending on the location of the spargana. The presence of this parasite, of a water fount near the site, where the first intermediate host can live, and the findings of the bones of some of the second intermediate hosts in these sites, suggesting dietary purposes, indicate that this infection was probably present in this population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Departamento de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal do Piauí, Campus Amilcar Ferreira Sobral (CAFS/UFPI), BR-343, KM 3,5, 64808-605, Meladão, Floriano, PI, Brazil. Laboratório de Paleoparasitologia Eduardo Marques, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (DCB/ENSP/FIOCRUZ), Avenida Leopoldo Bulhões, 1480, 21041-210, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.Laboratório de Arqueologia Biológica e Forense, Programa de Pós-Graduacão em Arqueologia, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (LABIFOR/UFPE), Departamento de Arqueologia, Centro de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas, Avenida da Arquitetura s/n, 10° andar, 50740-550, Recife, PE, Brazil.Laboratório de Arqueologia Biológica e Forense, Programa de Pós-Graduacão em Arqueologia, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (LABIFOR/UFPE), Departamento de Arqueologia, Centro de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas, Avenida da Arquitetura s/n, 10° andar, 50740-550, Recife, PE, Brazil.Laboratório de Arqueologia Biológica e Forense, Programa de Pós-Graduacão em Arqueologia, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (LABIFOR/UFPE), Departamento de Arqueologia, Centro de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas, Avenida da Arquitetura s/n, 10° andar, 50740-550, Recife, PE, Brazil.Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (ENSP/FIOCRUZ), Avenida Leopoldo Bulhões, 1480, 21041-210, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.Laboratório de Parasitologia Ambiental, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (DCB/ENSP/FIOCRUZ), Avenida Leopoldo Bulhões, 1480, 21041-210, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.Laboratório de Microbiologia, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (DCB/ENSP/FIOCRUZ), Avenida Leopoldo Bulhões, 1480, 21041-210, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.Laboratório de Paleoparasitologia Eduardo Marques, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (DCB/ENSP/FIOCRUZ), Avenida Leopoldo Bulhões, 1480, 21041-210, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.Laboratório de Paleoparasitologia Eduardo Marques, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (DCB/ENSP/FIOCRUZ), Avenida Leopoldo Bulhões, 1480, 21041-210, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31599696

Citation

de Castro Costa, Adelianna, et al. "Ancient Parasite Analysis and Zoonotic Potential of Spirometra Sp. in Two Related Sites From Pernambuco, Brazil." The Journal of Parasitology, vol. 105, no. 5, 2019, pp. 755-759.
de Castro Costa A, Solari A, da Silva SFSM, et al. Ancient Parasite Analysis and Zoonotic Potential of Spirometra sp. in Two Related Sites from Pernambuco, Brazil. J Parasitol. 2019;105(5):755-759.
de Castro Costa, A., Solari, A., da Silva, S. F. S. M., Martin, G., Camacho, M., Duarte, A. N., ... Novo, S. P. C. (2019). Ancient Parasite Analysis and Zoonotic Potential of Spirometra sp. in Two Related Sites from Pernambuco, Brazil. The Journal of Parasitology, 105(5), pp. 755-759.
de Castro Costa A, et al. Ancient Parasite Analysis and Zoonotic Potential of Spirometra Sp. in Two Related Sites From Pernambuco, Brazil. J Parasitol. 2019;105(5):755-759. PubMed PMID: 31599696.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Ancient Parasite Analysis and Zoonotic Potential of Spirometra sp. in Two Related Sites from Pernambuco, Brazil. AU - de Castro Costa,Adelianna, AU - Solari,Ana, AU - da Silva,Sérgio Francisco Serafim Monteiro, AU - Martin,Gabriela, AU - Camacho,Morgana, AU - Duarte,Antonio Nascimento, AU - da Rocha Nogueira,Joseli Maria, AU - Gabriel,Davi Almada, AU - Novo,Shênia Patrícia Corrêa, PY - 2019/10/11/entrez PY - 2019/10/11/pubmed PY - 2019/10/11/medline KW - Pathoecology KW - Pernambuco KW - Spirometra KW - Zoonosis SP - 755 EP - 759 JF - The Journal of parasitology JO - J. Parasitol. VL - 105 IS - 5 N2 - Pathoecology studies the environmental and cultural factors that contribute to the maintenance of infections or diseases in populations. Concerning parasites, it requires the evaluation of these factors based on the presence and life cycle of these organisms. For this reason, it is possible to apply this concept in the context of ancient populations in order to understand the parasite-host dynamic or even the health consequences faced by the members of the populations. This study aimed to apply the pathoecology concept in Pedra do Tubarão and Cemitério do Caboclo archaeological sites. Six coprolite samples were analyzed and 1 was positive for Spirometra sp. eggs. Spirometra is a cestode that has copepods as the first intermediate host; amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals as the second intermediate hosts; and felines and canines as definitive hosts. Humans can be infected by ingesting the first or second intermediate hosts and can develop sparganosis, which can cause health consequences depending on the location of the spargana. The presence of this parasite, of a water fount near the site, where the first intermediate host can live, and the findings of the bones of some of the second intermediate hosts in these sites, suggesting dietary purposes, indicate that this infection was probably present in this population. SN - 1937-2345 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31599696/Ancient_Parasite_Analysis_and_Zoonotic_Potential_of_Spirometra_sp._in_Two_Related_Sites_from_Pernambuco,_Brazil DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -