Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Assessment of heavy metals in calcium carbide treated mangoes by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS).

Abstract

Calcium carbide (CaC2) is widely used as the low price artificial ripening agent of fruits. It may contain traces of heavy metals which can make fruits harmful for human consumption. This study aimed to assess heavy metals present in commercial-grade CaC2 and subsequently their quantification in mango peels for the identification of possible marker elements as an indicator of CaC2 ripening. Samples were prepared by using microwave-assisted digestion followed by multi-elemental quantitative analysis using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). In commercial grade CaC2 samples, the concentrations of analysed metals were found to be in the range of 0.6-540.92 µg/g with given order Fe>Zn>Mn>Cr>Pb>Cu>Ag>As>Ni>Co>Cd. The CaC2-treated mango peels showed elevated levels of Fe, Co, As, and Pb in comparison to untreated mango peels (p < 0.05).

Authors+Show Affiliations

H.E.J. Research Institute of Chemistry, International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences, University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan.H.E.J. Research Institute of Chemistry, International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences, University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan.H.E.J. Research Institute of Chemistry, International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences, University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan.Dr. Panjwani Center for Molecular Medicine and Drug Research, International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences, University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan.H.E.J. Research Institute of Chemistry, International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences, University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan. Dr. Panjwani Center for Molecular Medicine and Drug Research, International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences, University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31603735

Citation

Hassan, Saqib, et al. "Assessment of Heavy Metals in Calcium Carbide Treated Mangoes By Inductively Coupled Plasma-mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS)." Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment, vol. 36, no. 12, 2019, pp. 1769-1776.
Hassan S, Mazhar W, Farooq S, et al. Assessment of heavy metals in calcium carbide treated mangoes by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2019;36(12):1769-1776.
Hassan, S., Mazhar, W., Farooq, S., Ali, A., & Musharraf, S. G. (2019). Assessment of heavy metals in calcium carbide treated mangoes by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment, 36(12), pp. 1769-1776. doi:10.1080/19440049.2019.1671990.
Hassan S, et al. Assessment of Heavy Metals in Calcium Carbide Treated Mangoes By Inductively Coupled Plasma-mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS). Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2019;36(12):1769-1776. PubMed PMID: 31603735.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Assessment of heavy metals in calcium carbide treated mangoes by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). AU - Hassan,Saqib, AU - Mazhar,Wardah, AU - Farooq,Sabiha, AU - Ali,Arslan, AU - Musharraf,Syed Ghulam, Y1 - 2019/10/11/ PY - 2019/10/12/pubmed PY - 2019/12/21/medline PY - 2019/10/12/entrez KW - Calcium carbide KW - ICP-MS KW - artificial fruit ripening KW - carbide treated fruits KW - mango peels SP - 1769 EP - 1776 JF - Food additives & contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment JO - Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess VL - 36 IS - 12 N2 - Calcium carbide (CaC2) is widely used as the low price artificial ripening agent of fruits. It may contain traces of heavy metals which can make fruits harmful for human consumption. This study aimed to assess heavy metals present in commercial-grade CaC2 and subsequently their quantification in mango peels for the identification of possible marker elements as an indicator of CaC2 ripening. Samples were prepared by using microwave-assisted digestion followed by multi-elemental quantitative analysis using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). In commercial grade CaC2 samples, the concentrations of analysed metals were found to be in the range of 0.6-540.92 µg/g with given order Fe>Zn>Mn>Cr>Pb>Cu>Ag>As>Ni>Co>Cd. The CaC2-treated mango peels showed elevated levels of Fe, Co, As, and Pb in comparison to untreated mango peels (p < 0.05). SN - 1944-0057 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31603735/Assessment_of_heavy_metals_in_calcium_carbide_treated_mangoes_by_inductively_coupled_plasma_mass_spectrometry__ICP_MS__ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/19440049.2019.1671990 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -