Defining Thermally Safe Laser Lithotripsy Power and Irrigation Parameters: In Vitro Model.J Endourol. 2020 01; 34(1):76-81.JE
Introduction: High-power laser settings are commonly employed for stone dusting techniques. Previous in vitro and in vivo studies have demonstrated that a toxic thermal dose can result from treatment within a renal calix without adequate irrigation. Hence, both laser power and irrigation rate must be considered together to determine safe laser lithotripsy parameters. The objective of this in vitro study was to map parameter safety boundaries and create guidelines for selection of safe laser and irrigation settings.