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Characteristics and Practices Within Research Partnerships for Health and Social Equity.
Nurs Res. 2020 Jan/Feb; 69(1):51-61.NR

Abstract

BACKGROUND

As federal research funding focuses more on academic/community collaborations to address health inequities, it is important to understand characteristics of these partnerships and how they work to achieve health equity outcomes.

OBJECTIVES

This study built on previous National Institutes of Health-funded research to (a) describe partnership characteristics and processes of federally funded, community-based participatory research (CBPR) or community-engaged research projects; (b) explore characteristics of these projects by stage of funding; and (c) build on previous understanding of partnership promising practices.

METHODS

Between fall 2016 and spring 2017, we completed a cross-sectional analysis and principal component analysis of online survey data from key informants of federally funded CBPR and community-engaged research projects. Respondents for 179 projects (53% response rate) described project characteristics (e.g., type of partner, stage of partnership, and population) and the use of promising practices (e.g., stewardship, advisory board roles, training topics) by stage of partnership.

RESULTS

Projects involved community, healthcare, and government partners, with 49% of respondents reporting their project was in the early stage of funding. More projects focused on Black/African American populations, whereas principal investigators were mostly White. The more established a partnership (e.g., with multiple projects), the more likely it employed the promising practices of stewardship (i.e., community safeguards for approval), community advisory boards, and training on values and power.

CONCLUSIONS

Community engagement is a developmental process with differences between early-stage and established CBPR partnerships. Engaging in active reflection and adopting promising partnering practices are important for CBPR partnerships working to improve health equity. The data provided in this study provide key indicators for reflection.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Elizabeth Dickson, PhD, RN, is Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque. Maya Magarati, PhD, is Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, University of Washington, Seattle. Blake Boursaw, MS, is Instructor, College of Nursing, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque. John Oetzel, PhD, is Professor, Waikato Management School, University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand. Carlos Devia, MA, is Community Research Partner and Doctoral Candidate, School of Public Health and Health Policy, City University of New York, New York. Kasim Ortiz, MS, is Research Assistant, Department of Sociology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque. Nina Wallerstein, DrPH, is Professor, College of PopulationHealth, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31609899

Citation

Dickson, Elizabeth, et al. "Characteristics and Practices Within Research Partnerships for Health and Social Equity." Nursing Research, vol. 69, no. 1, 2020, pp. 51-61.
Dickson E, Magarati M, Boursaw B, et al. Characteristics and Practices Within Research Partnerships for Health and Social Equity. Nurs Res. 2020;69(1):51-61.
Dickson, E., Magarati, M., Boursaw, B., Oetzel, J., Devia, C., Ortiz, K., & Wallerstein, N. (2020). Characteristics and Practices Within Research Partnerships for Health and Social Equity. Nursing Research, 69(1), 51-61. https://doi.org/10.1097/NNR.0000000000000399
Dickson E, et al. Characteristics and Practices Within Research Partnerships for Health and Social Equity. Nurs Res. 2020 Jan/Feb;69(1):51-61. PubMed PMID: 31609899.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Characteristics and Practices Within Research Partnerships for Health and Social Equity. AU - Dickson,Elizabeth, AU - Magarati,Maya, AU - Boursaw,Blake, AU - Oetzel,John, AU - Devia,Carlos, AU - Ortiz,Kasim, AU - Wallerstein,Nina, PY - 2019/10/15/pubmed PY - 2020/4/21/medline PY - 2019/10/15/entrez SP - 51 EP - 61 JF - Nursing research JO - Nurs Res VL - 69 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: As federal research funding focuses more on academic/community collaborations to address health inequities, it is important to understand characteristics of these partnerships and how they work to achieve health equity outcomes. OBJECTIVES: This study built on previous National Institutes of Health-funded research to (a) describe partnership characteristics and processes of federally funded, community-based participatory research (CBPR) or community-engaged research projects; (b) explore characteristics of these projects by stage of funding; and (c) build on previous understanding of partnership promising practices. METHODS: Between fall 2016 and spring 2017, we completed a cross-sectional analysis and principal component analysis of online survey data from key informants of federally funded CBPR and community-engaged research projects. Respondents for 179 projects (53% response rate) described project characteristics (e.g., type of partner, stage of partnership, and population) and the use of promising practices (e.g., stewardship, advisory board roles, training topics) by stage of partnership. RESULTS: Projects involved community, healthcare, and government partners, with 49% of respondents reporting their project was in the early stage of funding. More projects focused on Black/African American populations, whereas principal investigators were mostly White. The more established a partnership (e.g., with multiple projects), the more likely it employed the promising practices of stewardship (i.e., community safeguards for approval), community advisory boards, and training on values and power. CONCLUSIONS: Community engagement is a developmental process with differences between early-stage and established CBPR partnerships. Engaging in active reflection and adopting promising partnering practices are important for CBPR partnerships working to improve health equity. The data provided in this study provide key indicators for reflection. SN - 1538-9847 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31609899/Characteristics_and_Practices_Within_Research_Partnerships_for_Health_and_Social_Equity_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -