The lncRNA NEAT1/miR-29b/Atg9a axis regulates IGFBPrP1-induced autophagy and activation of mouse hepatic stellate cells.Life Sci. 2019 Nov 15; 237:116902.LS
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-related protein 1 (IGFBPrP1) promotes hepatic stellate cell (HSC) autophagy and activation. However, the underlying mechanism remains unknown. Noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) including long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs), have received increasing attention. We aimed to investigate the roles of the lncRNA nuclear enriched abundant transcript 1 (NEAT1), miR-29b, and autophagy related protein 9a (Atg9a), and their relationships with each other during IGFBPrP1-induced HSC autophagy and activation.
Levels of NEAT1, miR-29b, Atg9a, and autophagy were detected in adenovirus-mediated IGFBPrP1 (AdIGFBPrP1)-treated mouse liver tissue and immortalized mouse hepatic stellate cell line JS1 transfected with either AdIGFBPrP1 or siIGFBPrP1. In AdIGFBPrP1-treated JS1 cells, autophagy and activation were detected after altering NEAT1, miR-29b, or Atg9a levels. In AdIGFBPrP1-treated JS1 cells, relationships among NEAT1, miR-29b, and Atg9a were explored using dual-luciferase reporter assays, Western blot, qRT-PCR, and immunofluorescence.
IGFBPrP1 increased levels of NEAT1, Atg9a, and autophagy while decreasing the level of miR-29b in mouse liver tissues and mouse HSCs. Moreover, NEAT1 increased HSC autophagy and activation while miR-29b decreased both processes. Atg9a also participated in IGFBPrP1-induced HSC autophagy and activation. Importantly, NEAT1, miR-29b, and Atg9a formed a NEAT1/miR-29b/Atg9a regulatory axis for IGFBPrP1-induced HSC autophagy and activation.
Our study unveiled the new NEAT1/miR-29b/Atg9a regulatory axis involved in IGFBPrP1-induced mouse HSC autophagy and activation. The study thus provides new insights in the pathogenesis and potential therapeutic strategies of liver fibrosis.