Add-on grade-ranking scale for assessing thrombotic risk in patients with ischemic heart disease and percutaneous coronary angioplasty.Wiad Lek 2019; 72(9 cz 2):1727-1731WL
Introduction: The anticipation of the development of thrombotic complications in coronary angioplasty patients helps to prevent this dangerous complication. Development of the available informative scales on the basis of mathematical methods taking into account the main clinical and biochemical parameters significantly simplifies the classification of patients in terms of thrombotic risk. The aim of the paper is to concentrate information on the state of hemostasis in the studied category of patients using the method of the main components and to obtain a matrix with minimal loss of information, which is convenient for analysis and the creation of a grade-ranking scale.
PATIENTS AND METHODS
Materials and methods: Data of 70 patients with coronary heart disease and percutaneous coronary angioplasty were analyzed. The level of soluble fibrin, fibrinogen, D-dimer, protein C, and ratios rf/dd×100 were determined, and also the presence of diabetes mellitus and restenosis in the history was considered.
Results: As a result of a stepwise study using the method of the main components, in the first stage two most singular matrices were obtained that describe 70% of the entire data variance (one of them is the component rf+dd, and the second one is fg+pc), which led to the first indicator of the level of thrombotic risk. At the second stage, the level of thrombotic risk was clarified, taking into consideration the presence of diabetes and history of restenosis, and it is recommended to use a second indicator for its determination (rf/dd×100).
Conclusions: The presented grade-ranking scale scale allows the anticipation of the development of thrombotic complications in the studied category of patients with high probability.