Primary hypoparathyroidism accompanied by rhabdomyolysis induced by infection: A case report.World J Clin Cases 2019; 7(19):3111-3119WJ
Primary hypoparathyroidism (HPT) is rarely seen in the clinic, and it can be combined with rhabdomyolysis. There are few reports about this phenomenon. Therefore, it is significant to explore the etiology that is conducive to early diagnosis, timely treatment, and preventing the recurrence.
A 63-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with a severe upper respiratory tract infection and progressing decreased myodynamia of the lower limbs. Blood tests showed creatine kinase > 32000 U/L, creatinine 207.8 µmol/L, calcium 1.28 mmol/L, myoglobin 558.7 ng/mL, and parathyroid hormone 0 pg/mL. He was diagnosed with primary HPT with rhabdomyolysis, and severe upper respiratory tract infection was considered to be the initial trigger. He responded well to supplementation of intravenous calcium gluconate and oral calcium as well as bedside hemodialysis, fluid hydration, infection control, protecting the liver, etc. Creatine kinase, myoglobin, and serum calcium returned to normal, and muscle strength improved significantly. Symptoms improved after symptomatic treatment.
Severe infection should be prevented, which is the key cause of rhabdomyolysis in patients with HPT.