Multiple atypical thymic carcinoids with paraneoplastic giant cell arteritis.Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2019GT
Multiple thymic carcinoids are rare, and giant cell arteritis (GCA) is one of the less recognized paraneoplastic diseases. The co-occurrence of these two diseases is therefore extremely rare. We report herein a patient with multiple atypical thymic carcinoids and asymptomatic paraneoplastic GCA. All the thymic carcinoids were diagnosed histopathologically as atypical thymic carcinoids with an intrathymic metastasis. Treatment consisted of a complete tumor resection followed by observation of the GCA without any adjuvant therapy. Subsequent positron emission tomography revealed a decrease in F-fludeoxyglucose accumulation in the systemic arteries. Based on these findings, paraneoplastic GCA was diagnosed. Thymic carcinoids rarely involve intrathymic metastasis or cause neopleonastic GCA. However, when they do, a complete tumor resection is the best option for management.