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Positive psychological changes after breast cancer diagnosis and treatment: The role of trait resilience and coping styles.
J Psychosoc Oncol 2019; :1-15JP

Abstract

Purpose:

This study aimed to examine the relationships among trait resilience, coping styles, and perceived positive psychological changes in women's lives after breast cancer diagnosis and treatment.

Design:

The study adopted a cross-sectional design. Sample/Method: A total of 201 participants diagnosed with stage I-IV breast cancer were recruited. The average time since diagnosis was 39.14 months. Four rating scales were used to assess the participants' trait resilience, coping styles, perceived growth, and health-related quality of life. These are the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), the Mini-Mental Adaptation to Cancer Scale (Mini-MAC), the Chinese Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy Scale-Breast (FACT-B). Findings: Hierarchical analysis showed that trait resilience significantly predicted high levels of perceived growth and health-related quality of life. This effect was moderated by Positive-Acceptance coping. The study also found that Negative-Affect coping had a direct effect on lowering health-related quality of life but had no influence on perceived growth.

Conclusions:

These findings highlight the facilitating effect of trait resilience and Positive-Acceptance coping on the psychological well-being and perceived growth among breast cancer outpatients. Implications: Trait resilience may be a protective, even facilitating factor of cancer adaptation. The knowledge that trait resilience offers a way to enhance wellness after cancer diagnosis and treatments may be useful in a clinical setting.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Chung Yuan Christian University , Taoyuan City , Taiwan.Breast Cancer Center, Taichung Tzu Chi Hospital , Tanzih Township , Taiwan.Breast Cancer Center, Taichung Tzu Chi Hospital , Tanzih Township , Taiwan.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31625826

Citation

Tu, Pei-Chiung, et al. "Positive Psychological Changes After Breast Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment: the Role of Trait Resilience and Coping Styles." Journal of Psychosocial Oncology, 2019, pp. 1-15.
Tu PC, Yeh DC, Hsieh HC. Positive psychological changes after breast cancer diagnosis and treatment: The role of trait resilience and coping styles. J Psychosoc Oncol. 2019.
Tu, P. C., Yeh, D. C., & Hsieh, H. C. (2019). Positive psychological changes after breast cancer diagnosis and treatment: The role of trait resilience and coping styles. Journal of Psychosocial Oncology, pp. 1-15. doi:10.1080/07347332.2019.1649337.
Tu PC, Yeh DC, Hsieh HC. Positive Psychological Changes After Breast Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment: the Role of Trait Resilience and Coping Styles. J Psychosoc Oncol. 2019 Oct 18;1-15. PubMed PMID: 31625826.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Positive psychological changes after breast cancer diagnosis and treatment: The role of trait resilience and coping styles. AU - Tu,Pei-Chiung, AU - Yeh,Dah-Cherng, AU - Hsieh,Hui-Chen, Y1 - 2019/10/18/ PY - 2019/10/19/entrez PY - 2019/10/19/pubmed PY - 2019/10/19/medline KW - breast cancer KW - coping style KW - posttraumatic growth KW - quality of life KW - resilience SP - 1 EP - 15 JF - Journal of psychosocial oncology JO - J Psychosoc Oncol N2 - Purpose: This study aimed to examine the relationships among trait resilience, coping styles, and perceived positive psychological changes in women's lives after breast cancer diagnosis and treatment. Design: The study adopted a cross-sectional design. Sample/Method: A total of 201 participants diagnosed with stage I-IV breast cancer were recruited. The average time since diagnosis was 39.14 months. Four rating scales were used to assess the participants' trait resilience, coping styles, perceived growth, and health-related quality of life. These are the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), the Mini-Mental Adaptation to Cancer Scale (Mini-MAC), the Chinese Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy Scale-Breast (FACT-B). Findings: Hierarchical analysis showed that trait resilience significantly predicted high levels of perceived growth and health-related quality of life. This effect was moderated by Positive-Acceptance coping. The study also found that Negative-Affect coping had a direct effect on lowering health-related quality of life but had no influence on perceived growth. Conclusions: These findings highlight the facilitating effect of trait resilience and Positive-Acceptance coping on the psychological well-being and perceived growth among breast cancer outpatients. Implications: Trait resilience may be a protective, even facilitating factor of cancer adaptation. The knowledge that trait resilience offers a way to enhance wellness after cancer diagnosis and treatments may be useful in a clinical setting. SN - 1540-7586 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31625826/Positive_psychological_changes_after_breast_cancer_diagnosis_and_treatment:_The_role_of_trait_resilience_and_coping_styles L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07347332.2019.1649337 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -