[Lower limb arterial disease in patients with diabetes].Rev Prat 2019; 69(6):620-625RP
Lower limb arteriopathy is a frequent and potentially serious complication of diabetes. In fact, it largely explains the high incidence of lower limb amputations in diabetic patients as well as a significant impairment of quality of life in the case of intermittent claudication or decubitus pain. The severity of the disease is also based on the associated cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The diagnosis is primarily made by the clinical examination, completed by functional hemodynamic tests (ankle/brachial index, transcutaneous oxygen pressure and toe pressure) and possibly imaging tests (arterial Doppler and arteriography of the lower limbs). The treatment of lower limbs arterial disease will depend on the vascular symptomatology, the severity of the vascular lesions evaluated by the hemodynamic tests and by the anatomical characteristics of the vascular lesions.