Mental health impairment among children with atopic dermatitis: a U.S. population-based cross-sectional study of the 2013-2017 National Health Interview Survey.J Am Acad Dermatol 2019JA
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is associated with mental health disorders but its impact on global mental health symptoms is less clear.
To determine the association between pediatric AD and mental health impairment METHODS: In a cross-sectional study using 2013-2017 U.S. National Health Interview Survey data, children with and without AD were assessed for mental disorder with impairment (MDI) using a validated behavioral screening questionnaire. Mental health services utilization was also reported.
The prevalence of any MDI was 26.7% (95% CI 25.1-28.3) among children with AD and 17.7% (95% CI 17.2-18.2) among those without AD, with severe MDI being present in 10.9% (95% CI 9.9-12.1) and 6.2% (95% CI 5.9-6.5), respectively. Adjusted for sociodemographic factors, AD was associated with higher odds of MDI (OR 1.52, 95% CI 1.39-1.67) including impairments in conduct, emotions, peer relationships, and attention. Among children with AD, 19.9% (95% CI 16.6-23.8) and 53.5% (95% CI 48.5-58.5) of those with mild or severe MDI, respectively, had seen a mental health professional in the last year.
Misclassification bias may arise from self-reported data.
AD is associated with clinically significant mental health symptoms but many affected children may not seek or receive care for their symptoms.