Staged combined endovascular and open surgical approach in a patient with Takayasu's arteritis.Ann Vasc Surg 2019AV
Takayasu's arteritis (TA) is a systemic large vessel vasculitis that affects the aorta and its branches. Most patients with TA respond to medical therapy with a minority of patients requiring surgical intervention. In our report we describe the case of a 59-year-old Caucasian female with TA who underwent revascularization due to cerebrovascular symptoms refractory to medical therapy. She initially presented with amaurosis fugax and developed episodes of syncope and slurred speech during corticosteroid tapering. Vascular studies showed right common carotid artery (RCCA), left internal carotid artery (LICA), and left subclavian artery (LSA) occlusion with right vertebral artery (RVA) ostium stenosis and retrograde flow through the left vertebral artery (LVA). The sole source of cerebral perfusion flowed through her stenosed RVA, so it was decided to first stent the RVA to restore adequate posterior cerebral circulation before creating a right subclavian artery to RCCA bypass to restore anterior circulation. This case represents the successful management of TA utilizing a two-staged combined endovascular and surgical approach.