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Dyadic synchrony among young Latina mothers and their toddlers: The role of maternal and child behavior.
Infant Behav Dev 2019; 57:101378IB

Abstract

Synchronous interactions are an important indicator of parent-child relationship quality with positive implications for child development. Latina adolescent mothers face several demographic challenges that place them at risk for less synchronous interactions. To identify factors that may facilitate more optimal parent-child relationships in this population, our study examined maternal sensitivity and children's behavioral styles as joint predictors of dyadic synchrony among young Latina mothers and their toddlers. Mother-toddler dyads (N = 170) were observed interacting across different tasks, and toddlers' behavior was observed during the administration of a developmental test. Results of multivariate regressions revealed additive effects of maternal sensitivity and child behavioral styles (i.e., dysregulation and positive attentional control). Maternal sensitivity related to higher dyadic synchrony for the entire sample. Positive attentional control was related to higher dyadic synchrony for mother-daughter dyads only. Although no gender differences in dyadic synchrony or the behavior style variables emerged, the relative contribution of maternal and child factors differed by child gender, suggesting that mothers may have responded differently to similar behavior and affect displayed by boys and girls. The findings provide insights regarding factors that contribute to dyadic synchrony in this understudied population and emphasize the need to consider child gender when studying parent-child interactions in young Latina families.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychological Sciences, Kent State University, 144 Kent Hall, Kent, OH 44240, USA. Electronic address: ahammer7@kent.edu.Department of Psychological Sciences, Kent State University, 144 Kent Hall, Kent, OH 44240, USA.Department of Psychological Sciences, Kent State University, 144 Kent Hall, Kent, OH 44240, USA.Department of Psychological Sciences, Kent State University, 144 Kent Hall, Kent, OH 44240, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31629874

Citation

Hammer, Aimee T., et al. "Dyadic Synchrony Among Young Latina Mothers and Their Toddlers: the Role of Maternal and Child Behavior." Infant Behavior & Development, vol. 57, 2019, p. 101378.
Hammer AT, Grau JM, Silberman SG, et al. Dyadic synchrony among young Latina mothers and their toddlers: The role of maternal and child behavior. Infant Behav Dev. 2019;57:101378.
Hammer, A. T., Grau, J. M., Silberman, S. G., & Smith, E. N. (2019). Dyadic synchrony among young Latina mothers and their toddlers: The role of maternal and child behavior. Infant Behavior & Development, 57, p. 101378. doi:10.1016/j.infbeh.2019.101378.
Hammer AT, et al. Dyadic Synchrony Among Young Latina Mothers and Their Toddlers: the Role of Maternal and Child Behavior. Infant Behav Dev. 2019 Oct 17;57:101378. PubMed PMID: 31629874.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dyadic synchrony among young Latina mothers and their toddlers: The role of maternal and child behavior. AU - Hammer,Aimee T, AU - Grau,Josefina M, AU - Silberman,Stephanie G, AU - Smith,Erin N, Y1 - 2019/10/17/ PY - 2019/09/02/received PY - 2019/09/05/revised PY - 2019/09/05/accepted PY - 2019/10/21/pubmed PY - 2019/10/21/medline PY - 2019/10/21/entrez KW - Adolescent mothers KW - Child temperamental characteristics KW - Dyadic synchrony KW - Latino families KW - Maternal sensitivity KW - Toddlers SP - 101378 EP - 101378 JF - Infant behavior & development JO - Infant Behav Dev VL - 57 N2 - Synchronous interactions are an important indicator of parent-child relationship quality with positive implications for child development. Latina adolescent mothers face several demographic challenges that place them at risk for less synchronous interactions. To identify factors that may facilitate more optimal parent-child relationships in this population, our study examined maternal sensitivity and children's behavioral styles as joint predictors of dyadic synchrony among young Latina mothers and their toddlers. Mother-toddler dyads (N = 170) were observed interacting across different tasks, and toddlers' behavior was observed during the administration of a developmental test. Results of multivariate regressions revealed additive effects of maternal sensitivity and child behavioral styles (i.e., dysregulation and positive attentional control). Maternal sensitivity related to higher dyadic synchrony for the entire sample. Positive attentional control was related to higher dyadic synchrony for mother-daughter dyads only. Although no gender differences in dyadic synchrony or the behavior style variables emerged, the relative contribution of maternal and child factors differed by child gender, suggesting that mothers may have responded differently to similar behavior and affect displayed by boys and girls. The findings provide insights regarding factors that contribute to dyadic synchrony in this understudied population and emphasize the need to consider child gender when studying parent-child interactions in young Latina families. SN - 1934-8800 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31629874/Dyadic_synchrony_among_young_Latina_mothers_and_their_toddlers:_The_role_of_maternal_and_child_behavior L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0163-6383(19)30208-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -