Simple and accurate candidate reference measurement procedure for total testosterone in human serum by one-step liquid-liquid extraction coupled with isotope dilution mass spectrometry.Anal Bioanal Chem 2019AB
Testosterone in human serum is commonly tested in clinical laboratories using immunoassay methods as well as liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) methods. To standardize and ensure the accuracy of the measurement results, reference procedures with higher metrological order are required. A simple measurement procedure based on one-step liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) and liquid chromatography-isotope dilution tandem mass spectrometry (LC-IDMS/MS) was developed for total testosterone in human serum. The procedure involved serum spiked with 13C3-testosterone, equilibration for 2 h, and extraction with an organic solvent. Testosterone certified reference material (CRM) was used as the calibration standard to ensure the traceability to the International System of Units (SI). Testosterone in serum CRMs from the National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST) and LGC were used to validate the accuracy of the newly developed method. The deviations of the obtained values from the NIST and LGC certified values ranged from -0.55% to 0.45%. Similarly, the coefficient of variations (CVs) of the replicate measurements were in the range of 0.55% and 0.78%, respectively. The relative expanded uncertainties were comparable with those of the certified materials. The newly developed LC-IDMS/MS procedure demonstrated adequate trueness and precision, and was simple to perform. The method can be used for value assignment of testosterone in external quality assessment (EQA) materials as well as certification of CRMs in the future. Graphical abstract.