ASSOCIATION BETWEEN FATIGUE AND EXERCISE CAPACITY IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC LIVER DISEASE AWAITING LIVER TRANSPLANTATION.Arq Gastroenterol 2019; 56(3):252-255AG
Fatigue is highly prevalent in end stage liver disease, the studies about its association with exercise capacity in cirrhotic patients before liver are scarse.
In this study, we evaluated fatigue in 95 in end stage liver disease patients awaiting transplantation, compared to healthy volunteers, and tested the association between exercise capacity and fatigue.
Cross-sectional study of patients with chronic liver disease treated at a referral center in Fortaleza, Brazil. Fatigue was quantified with the Fatigue Severity Scale. The patients were submitted to the 6-min walk test, the 6-min step test, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, C-reative protein measurement and hematocrit count, measurement of dyspnea among other tests. Fatigue data were obtained from healthy individuals for comparison with patients.
The mean age of patients was 45.9±12.3 years, and 53.7% were male. Fatigue, anxiety and depression levels were higher among end stage liver disease patients than among controls. A negative correlation was observed between 6 min step test and Fatigue Severity Scale score (r= -0.2; P=0.02) and between hematocrit count and Fatigue Severity Scale score (r= -0.24; P=0.002). Dyspnea on the Borg scale and fatigue were positively correlated (r=31; P=0.002). In the multivariate analysis, low 6-min step test values and high levels of dyspnea were associated with fatigue.
Fatigue was more prevalent and severe in end stage liver disease patients than in healthy controls. Low 6MST values and high levels of dyspnea were associated with fatigue in this scenario.