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Mortality and Cause of Death in Hearing Loss Participants: A Longitudinal Follow-up Study Using a National Sample Cohort.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The purpose of the present study was to estimate the risk of mortality in hearing loss subjects in accordance with the cause of death.

STUDY DESIGN

A longitudinal follow up study.

SETTING

Data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort were collected from a period between 2002 and 2013.

PATIENTS AND INTERVENTION

The 4,606 severe and 1,007 profound hearing loss participants with 40 or more years old were 1:4 matched with control participants, respectively, for age, sex, income, and region of residence. The causes of death were grouped into 12 classifications.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

The ratio of mortality was compared between the hearing loss and control group using a χ test or Fisher's exact test. In a Cox-proportional hazard model, age, sex, income, region of residence, and past medical histories were considered confounders.

RESULTS

The severe and profound hearing loss groups showed 4.07 (95% CI = 3.71-4.46, p < 0.001) and 4.22 times (95% CI = 3.52-5.05, p < 0.001) higher mortality ratios in the adjusted models, respectively. Both the severe and profound hearing loss groups showed higher mortality by infection, neoplasm, trauma, and metabolic, mental, circulatory, respiratory, and digestive diseases than control groups (p < 0.05). Among various causes of death, death by trauma revealed the highest odds ratios in both the severe and profound hearing loss groups.

CONCLUSION

Hearing loss was associated with a significant increase in mortality.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, Seongnam.Hallym Data Science Laboratory, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang. Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Seoul.Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang.Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, Seongnam.Department of Statistics, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Republic of Korea.Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang.Hallym Data Science Laboratory, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang. Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31634278

Citation

Kim, So Young, et al. "Mortality and Cause of Death in Hearing Loss Participants: a Longitudinal Follow-up Study Using a National Sample Cohort." Otology & Neurotology : Official Publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology, 2019.
Kim SY, Min C, Kim HJ, et al. Mortality and Cause of Death in Hearing Loss Participants: A Longitudinal Follow-up Study Using a National Sample Cohort. Otol Neurotol. 2019.
Kim, S. Y., Min, C., Kim, H. J., Lee, C. H., Sim, S., Park, B., & Choi, H. G. (2019). Mortality and Cause of Death in Hearing Loss Participants: A Longitudinal Follow-up Study Using a National Sample Cohort. Otology & Neurotology : Official Publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology, doi:10.1097/MAO.0000000000002429.
Kim SY, et al. Mortality and Cause of Death in Hearing Loss Participants: a Longitudinal Follow-up Study Using a National Sample Cohort. Otol Neurotol. 2019 Oct 18; PubMed PMID: 31634278.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mortality and Cause of Death in Hearing Loss Participants: A Longitudinal Follow-up Study Using a National Sample Cohort. AU - Kim,So Young, AU - Min,Chanyang, AU - Kim,Hyung-Jong, AU - Lee,Chang Ho, AU - Sim,Songyong, AU - Park,Bumjung, AU - Choi,Hyo Geun, Y1 - 2019/10/18/ PY - 2019/10/22/entrez PY - 2019/10/22/pubmed PY - 2019/10/22/medline JF - Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology JO - Otol. Neurotol. N2 - OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to estimate the risk of mortality in hearing loss subjects in accordance with the cause of death. STUDY DESIGN: A longitudinal follow up study. SETTING: Data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort were collected from a period between 2002 and 2013. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTION: The 4,606 severe and 1,007 profound hearing loss participants with 40 or more years old were 1:4 matched with control participants, respectively, for age, sex, income, and region of residence. The causes of death were grouped into 12 classifications. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The ratio of mortality was compared between the hearing loss and control group using a χ test or Fisher's exact test. In a Cox-proportional hazard model, age, sex, income, region of residence, and past medical histories were considered confounders. RESULTS: The severe and profound hearing loss groups showed 4.07 (95% CI = 3.71-4.46, p < 0.001) and 4.22 times (95% CI = 3.52-5.05, p < 0.001) higher mortality ratios in the adjusted models, respectively. Both the severe and profound hearing loss groups showed higher mortality by infection, neoplasm, trauma, and metabolic, mental, circulatory, respiratory, and digestive diseases than control groups (p < 0.05). Among various causes of death, death by trauma revealed the highest odds ratios in both the severe and profound hearing loss groups. CONCLUSION: Hearing loss was associated with a significant increase in mortality. SN - 1537-4505 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31634278/Mortality_and_Cause_of_Death_in_Hearing_Loss_Participants:_A_Longitudinal_Follow-up_Study_Using_a_National_Sample_Cohort L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000002429 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -