A comparative study of liquid holding restitution of viability after oxidative stress in Ustilago maydis and Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell populations.Fungal Genet Biol 2019; 134:103284FG
The ability of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to reconstitute viability after strong peroxide-induced oxidative stress during liquid holding (LH) in non-nutrient medium has been compared with that of Ustilago maydis. It was found that like U. maydis, S. cerevisiae was capable of reconstituting viability through multiplication of the survivors. However, differences were observed in the pattern of their response: (i) the reconstitution of viability was slower in S. cerevisiae; (ii) before the viability was progressively increasing the treated samples of this fungus reproducibly passed through a phase of additional decrease of the surviving fraction and (iii) the final yields of viable cells attained in S. cerevisiae were below those achieved by U. maydis. The reason for the relative superiority of U. maydis is twofold: (1) early initiated and faster degradation and leakage of the intracellular biomolecules and (2) greater ability of U. maydis cells to recycle damaged and released intracellular compounds. Conceptually similar studies extended to another oxidative-stress-inducing condition, namely desiccation, indicated that the marked differences between these fungi in their patterns of the post-stress regrowth, cellular leakage and macromolecule decomposition are reproduced during LH of desiccated cells. The concordance of the findings obtained upon these two approaches was also corroborated by an analysis of the post-desiccation LH response of U. maydis mutants (adr1, did4, kel1 and tbp1) that were previously identified as defective in post-peroxide LH restitution of viability. We discuss the findings in terms of their possible relevance to the mechanisms of the ecological and evolutionary adaptation of free-living microorganisms to fluctuating and severely inhospitable environments.