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Culturally and linguistically diverse healthcare students' experiences of the clinical learning environment and mentoring: A qualitative study.
Nurse Educ Pract 2019; 41:102637NE

Abstract

Development of educators' and students' global competence in higher education is increasingly important due to internationalization. Internationalization significantly influences healthcare education through an increase in the mobility of students. When conducting clinical practice in healthcare education, culturally and linguistically diverse healthcare students face the challenges of having limited learning opportunities and social isolation. Further investigation is required of students' experiences in this area while asking them to share their experiences. This study aimed to describe students' experiences of clinical learning environment and mentoring. A qualitative research design was used during 2013-2016. Data were collected from 133 culturally and linguistically diverse healthcare students, including exchange students and students studying in English language-taught degree programmes at eight Universities of Applied Sciences in Finland. Data were analysed using inductive content analysis. Students' experiences were related to their mentors' competence in mentoring, culturally diverse pedagogical atmosphere, and aspects of diversity that influence clinical learning. Students reported that they had experienced social isolation, discrimination, bullying, sexual harassment and prejudice during their clinical placements. These issues related to mistreatment of students need to be addressed. Also, structured clinical environments should be developed in which competent mentors assist students in reaching their clinical placement goals.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Lapland University of Applied Sciences, Kemi, Finland. Electronic address: heidi.korhonen@lapinamk.fi.Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland. Electronic address: annukka.tuomikoski@hotus.fi.Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland. Electronic address: ashlee.oikarinen@student.oulu.fi.Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland; Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland. Electronic address: maria.kaariainen@oulu.fi.Lapland University of Applied Sciences, Kemi, Finland. Electronic address: satu.elo@lapinamk.fi.Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland; Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland; Northern Ostrobothnia Hospital District, Finland. Electronic address: helvi.kyngas@oulu.fi.Biomedical Laboratory Science, Degree Programme in Biomedical Laboratory Science, Tampere University of Applied Science, Tampere, Finland. Electronic address: eeva.liikanen@tuni.fi.Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland. Electronic address: kristina.mikkonen@oulu.fi.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31634696

Citation

Korhonen, Heidi, et al. "Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Healthcare Students' Experiences of the Clinical Learning Environment and Mentoring: a Qualitative Study." Nurse Education in Practice, vol. 41, 2019, p. 102637.
Korhonen H, Tuomikoski AM, Oikarainen A, et al. Culturally and linguistically diverse healthcare students' experiences of the clinical learning environment and mentoring: A qualitative study. Nurse Educ Pract. 2019;41:102637.
Korhonen, H., Tuomikoski, A. M., Oikarainen, A., Kääriäinen, M., Elo, S., Kyngäs, H., ... Mikkonen, K. (2019). Culturally and linguistically diverse healthcare students' experiences of the clinical learning environment and mentoring: A qualitative study. Nurse Education in Practice, 41, p. 102637. doi:10.1016/j.nepr.2019.102637.
Korhonen H, et al. Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Healthcare Students' Experiences of the Clinical Learning Environment and Mentoring: a Qualitative Study. Nurse Educ Pract. 2019 Oct 10;41:102637. PubMed PMID: 31634696.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Culturally and linguistically diverse healthcare students' experiences of the clinical learning environment and mentoring: A qualitative study. AU - Korhonen,Heidi, AU - Tuomikoski,Anna-Maria, AU - Oikarainen,Ashlee, AU - Kääriäinen,Maria, AU - Elo,Satu, AU - Kyngäs,Helvi, AU - Liikanen,Eeva, AU - Mikkonen,Kristina, Y1 - 2019/10/10/ PY - 2018/10/19/received PY - 2019/09/13/revised PY - 2019/10/04/accepted PY - 2019/10/22/pubmed PY - 2019/10/22/medline PY - 2019/10/22/entrez KW - Clinical placement KW - Cultural and linguistic diversity KW - Healthcare student KW - Mentor SP - 102637 EP - 102637 JF - Nurse education in practice JO - Nurse Educ Pract VL - 41 N2 - Development of educators' and students' global competence in higher education is increasingly important due to internationalization. Internationalization significantly influences healthcare education through an increase in the mobility of students. When conducting clinical practice in healthcare education, culturally and linguistically diverse healthcare students face the challenges of having limited learning opportunities and social isolation. Further investigation is required of students' experiences in this area while asking them to share their experiences. This study aimed to describe students' experiences of clinical learning environment and mentoring. A qualitative research design was used during 2013-2016. Data were collected from 133 culturally and linguistically diverse healthcare students, including exchange students and students studying in English language-taught degree programmes at eight Universities of Applied Sciences in Finland. Data were analysed using inductive content analysis. Students' experiences were related to their mentors' competence in mentoring, culturally diverse pedagogical atmosphere, and aspects of diversity that influence clinical learning. Students reported that they had experienced social isolation, discrimination, bullying, sexual harassment and prejudice during their clinical placements. These issues related to mistreatment of students need to be addressed. Also, structured clinical environments should be developed in which competent mentors assist students in reaching their clinical placement goals. SN - 1873-5223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31634696/Culturally_and_linguistically_diverse_healthcare_students'_experiences_of_the_clinical_learning_environment_and_mentoring:_A_qualitative_study L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1471-5953(18)30843-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -